NITI AAYOG - 2018
Transformation of Aspirational Districts
Baseline Ranking and Real Time Monitoring Programme
- 29 Jun 2018
- 8 min read
Though India is on
- India ranked 131 out of 188 in UNDP’s Human Development Index (2016)
aresignificant interstate and inter districtgrowth variations.
About Transformation of Aspirational Districts programme
- Launched by the Prime Minister in January 2018, the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme focuses on transforming 115 districts across 28 states that have witnessed the least progress along certain development parameters.
- These 115 districts account
for morethan 20% of the country’s population andcover over 8,600 grampanchayats.
- It aims to improve performance across indicators that improve the quality of life as well as economic productivity.
- The Aspirational Districts programme, through real-time monitoring and proactive course corrections, reinforces the mechanisms of cooperative & competitive federalism between the Centre and the States, down to the Districts.
The NITI Aayog launched the baseline ranking for the Aspirational Districts based on the published data of 49 indicators (81 data points) across five developmental areas with different
- To remove heterogeneity through mass movement (Jan Andolan), to quickly and effectively transform the district.
- Uplifting the districts which have shown relatively lesser progress in achieving
- Focus on the key strengths of each district and identify the low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement.
- Officers at the levels of joint secretary/Additional Secretary.
- States appoint State Prabhari officers.
Selection of Districts
- By a committee of Senior Officers to the Govt of India
Data setsto be obtained from Socio EconomicCaste Census
- Health Sector performance
- Education Sector performance
- State of Basic Infrastructure
- NITI Aayog anchors the programme with support from Central Ministries and the State Governments.
- 30 districts - NITI Aayog
- 50 districts - Various Central ministries
- 35 LWE districts - Ministry of Home
Real time monitoring
- NITI Aayog & Govt. of Andhra Pradesh created
dashboardfor monitoring real-time progress of districts.
- From April 1
2018Districts will start entering data.
- From May 2018, Districts will be ranked on their "incremental progress" i.e. Delta Ranking, exemplifying the spirit of competitive federalism.
- Districts can learn from each other's experiences using the "Best Practices" document that NITI Aayog has prepared and circulated to the district collectors.
|Performance of 101 districts across sectors|
|Health and nutrition||30%||
||Bhupalpally (Telangana)||Shrawasti (UP)|
|Agriculture and water resource||20%||
||Mahasamund (Chhattisgarh)||Namsai (Arunachal)|
|Financial Inclusion and skill development||10%||
Financial inclusion: Mahasamund (Chattisgarh)
Financial inclusion: Baksa (Assam)
Skill development: Baksa (Assam)
Overall Baseline Ranking
- Vizianagaram in Andhra Pradesh is ranked highest with 48.13 %, Mewat in Haryana tails at the end with 26.02 %.
- Public-Private Partnerships, aided by technology, can bring radical transformation in the country, boosting implementation of various government schemes.
Private hands involved are ITC, IDinsight, Piramal Foundation, Tata trust.
Q. Can Government’s “Aspirational Districts Programme” manage to uplift the