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State PCS

Daily Updates



  • 09 Jul 2022
  • 5 min read

For Prelims: PARIMAN, Remote Sensing Technology, Geographic Information System

For Mains: Challenges to Urban Planning in India, Government’s Initiatives, Use of Science and technology for effective Urban Planning

Why in News?

Geo-Portal for NCR known as ‘PARIMAN’, launched in August 2021 by the National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) and Union Minister for Housing & Urban Affairs has been made open to the public of NCR.

What do we know about PARIMAN?

  • About:
    • Portal for Analytical Regional Information and Mapping of NCR.
    • Developed through National Informatics Centre (NIC), initially for use by NCR Participating states and the Office of NCRPB.
    • It's a robust system to facilitate better sub-regional and local planning. This contains various layers collected from authentic sources.
    • The portal has many Base Maps, Satellite Image services and Night Light Data of different time spans.
      • Terrain map provides the Elevation Profile of a route.
      • Administrative units like State Boundaries to Village Boundaries, various Headquarters to Habitations, Parliamentary and Assembly Constituency Boundaries are integrated in this portal.
      • Layers like Road, Rail and Metro Networks, Points of Interest like Education, Health, Banking, Post Office, Power and Telecom, Industries, Tourism, River and Canal Networks and many more.
        • Area of Interest function facilitates a comprehensive view for any information of a particular State or District or Tehsil.
  • Significance:
    • This Geo-Portal will help to improve decentralized planning and management in the NCR region.
    • This Geo-portal is an important platform to know where and what exists in the National Capital Region (NCR) that enables better planning.
    • It will help in effective utilization of Remote Sensing and GIS technology.

What do we mean by Geospatial Technology?

  • Geospatial technology uses tools like GIS (Geographic Information System), GPS (Global Positioning System) and Remote Sensing for geographic mapping and analysis.
  • These tools capture spatial information about objects, events and phenomena (indexed to their geographical location on earth, geotag). The location data may be Static or Dynamic.
    • Static location data include position of a road, an earthquake event or malnutrition among children in a particular region while dynamic location data include data related to a moving vehicle or pedestrian, the spread of an infectious disease etc.
  • The technology may be used to create intelligent maps to help identify spatial patterns in large volumes of data.
  • The technology facilitates decision making based on the importance and priority of scarce resources.

What are Government’s Initiatives for Urban Planning and Development?

Source: PIB

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