- 09 Jul 2022
- 5 min read
For Prelims: PARIMAN, Remote Sensing Technology, Geographic Information System
For Mains: Challenges to Urban Planning in India, Government’s Initiatives, Use of Science and technology for effective Urban Planning
Why in News?
Geo-Portal for NCR known as ‘PARIMAN’, launched in August 2021 by the National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) and Union Minister for Housing & Urban Affairs has been made open to the public of NCR.
What do we know about PARIMAN?
- Portal for Analytical Regional Information and Mapping of NCR.
- Developed through National Informatics Centre (NIC), initially for use by NCR Participating states and the Office of NCRPB.
- It's a robust system to facilitate better sub-regional and local planning. This contains various layers collected from authentic sources.
- The portal has many Base Maps, Satellite Image services and Night Light Data of different time spans.
- Terrain map provides the Elevation Profile of a route.
- Administrative units like State Boundaries to Village Boundaries, various Headquarters to Habitations, Parliamentary and Assembly Constituency Boundaries are integrated in this portal.
- Layers like Road, Rail and Metro Networks, Points of Interest like Education, Health, Banking, Post Office, Power and Telecom, Industries, Tourism, River and Canal Networks and many more.
- Area of Interest function facilitates a comprehensive view for any information of a particular State or District or Tehsil.
- This Geo-Portal will help to improve decentralized planning and management in the NCR region.
- This Geo-portal is an important platform to know where and what exists in the National Capital Region (NCR) that enables better planning.
- It will help in effective utilization of Remote Sensing and GIS technology.
What do we mean by Geospatial Technology?
- Geospatial technology uses tools like GIS (Geographic Information System), GPS (Global Positioning System) and Remote Sensing for geographic mapping and analysis.
- These tools capture spatial information about objects, events and phenomena (indexed to their geographical location on earth, geotag). The location data may be Static or Dynamic.
- Static location data include position of a road, an earthquake event or malnutrition among children in a particular region while dynamic location data include data related to a moving vehicle or pedestrian, the spread of an infectious disease etc.
- The technology may be used to create intelligent maps to help identify spatial patterns in large volumes of data.
- The technology facilitates decision making based on the importance and priority of scarce resources.
What are Government’s Initiatives for Urban Planning and Development?
- Smart Cities:
- It promotes cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of Smart Solutions.
- AMRUT Mission:
- It ensures that every household has access to a tap with the assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
- Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban:
- It aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country.
- The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY), aims to bring together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner & with the objective of preserving the heritage character of the city.
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban:
- It addresses Urban housing shortage among the Urban Poor including the Slum Dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to eligible urban poor.