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AMRUT Mission

  • 14 Oct 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh have been appreciated for the progress made under AMRUT Mission (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation).

  • Both the states were also requested to initiate activities under the “Catch the Rain” campaign. The objective of this campaign is to conserve/harvest every drop of water.
    • This campaign incorporates rainwater harvesting in all the structures of the cities.

Key Points

  • About the AMRUT Mission:
    • Launch: June 2015
    • Concerned Ministry: Housing and Urban Affairs
    • Purpose:
      • To ensure that every household has access to a tap with the assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
        • The Priority zone of the Mission is water supply followed by sewerage.
      • To increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks).
      • To reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
    • Components:
      • Capacity building, reform implementation, water supply, sewerage and septage management, storm water drainage, urban transport and development of green spaces and parks.
        • The reforms aim at improving delivery of citizen services, bringing down the cost of delivery, improving financial health, augmenting resources and enhancing transparency. It also includes replacement of street lights with LED lights.
    • Central Sponsored Scheme: Total outlay for AMRUT was Rs. 50,000 crores for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-20.
      • Unable to meet set targets for urban renewal in 500 cities, the Centre has extended the mission period of AMRUT upto 31st March, 2021.
    • State Annual Action Plan (SAAP):
      • AMRUT has made states equal partners in planning and implementation of projects by approval of SAAP once a year by MoHUA and states have to give project sanctions and approval at their end, therefore actualisation of cooperative federalism.
    • Supervision: An Apex Committee (AC), chaired by the Secretary, MoHUA and comprising representatives of related Ministries and organisations supervises the Mission.
  • Status of AMRUT Mission in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh:
    • Himachal Pradesh is ranked 15th and Uttarakhand 24th in AMRUT’s National rankings (performance-based).
      • Odisha topped the rankings.
    • Both the States have implemented the Online Building Permission System (OBPS) in their Mission cities.
      • OBPS is a part of ‘Ease of Doing Business’ and should be implemented in all the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) apart from Mission cities.
    • The Credit Rating work has been completed in all Mission cities in the two States.
      • Credit rating is an assessment of an ULB’s ability to pay its financial obligations.
    • Both the States were informed that the Ministry has developed a common Dashboard for all the Missions (e.g. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Urban, Smart Cities Mission) of the Ministry where information relating to all States/UT and cities would be available. The States/UT may use this facility for monitoring the progress.
      • States were requested to update the details of Missions regularly so that the progress would be updated in the portal/dashboard. This data is used for monitoring, reviewing and assessment of monthly rankings on the progress among the states.

Source: PIB

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