Data Governance Quality Index: NITI Aayog
- 03 Oct 2020
- 4 min read
Why in News
The Department of Fertilizers (Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers) has been ranked 3rd out of the 65 Ministries/Departments with a score 4.11 on a scale of 5 on Data Governance Quality Index (DGQI).
- It has been ranked 2nd amongst the 16 Economic Ministries/Departments.
- Data Governance Quality Index (DGQI) survey was conducted by Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO), Niti Aayog to assess different Ministries/Departments' performance on the implementation of Central Sector Schemes (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS).
- Objective: To drive healthy competition among them and promote cooperative peer learning from best practices.
- Benefits: Improve the implementation framework of government policies, schemes and programmes to achieve the desired goals.
- Six major themes of DGQI: Data Generation; Data Quality; Use of Technology; Data Analysis, Use and Dissemination; Data Security and HR Capacity and Case Studies.
- Ministries/Departments were classified in six categories: Administrative, Strategic, Infrastructure, Social, Economic and Scientific.
- The central schemes are divided into Central Sector Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS).
- Central sector schemes:
- These schemes are 100% funded by the Central government.
- Implemented by the Central Government machinery.
- Formulated on subjects mainly from the Union List.
- E.g.: Bharatnet, Namami Gange-National Ganga Plan, etc.
- Centrally Sponsored Schemes are the schemes by the centre where there is financial participation by both the centre and states.
- Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) are again divided into Core of the Core Schemes, Core Schemes and Optional schemes.
- Currently, there are 6 core of the core schemes while 22 core schemes.
- Most of these schemes prescribe specific financial participation by states. For example, in the case of MGNREGA, state governments have to incur 25% material expenditure.
- The 6 core of the core CSS are:
- National Social Assistance Programme
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Program
- Umbrella Scheme for Development of Scheduled Castes
- Umbrella Programme for Development of Scheduled Tribes
- Umbrella Programme for Development of Minorities
- Umbrella Programme for Development of Other Vulnerable Groups
Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office
- The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) was constituted in September 2015 by merging the erstwhile Program Evaluation Office (PEO) and the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO).
- It is an attached office under NITI Aayog, aimed at fulfilling the organization’s monitoring and evaluation (M&E) mandate and building the M&E ecosystem in India.
- Its vision is to improve sustainable outcomes and impacts of the government. It aims to enable high-quality monitoring and evaluation of government programs to improve effectiveness, efficiency, equity and sustainability of service delivery, outcomes and impacts.
- Monitoring through Output-Outcome Framework: In accordance with the Union Budget for 2019-20, the Output-Outcome Framework represents an important reform towards outcome-based monitoring.This is a paradigm shift from measuring simply physical and financial progress, to a governance model based on outcomes. DMEO has been working with Ministries and Departments to develop this framework since 2017.
- Evaluation: The Government has assigned DMEO, NITI Aayog the responsibility to conduct independent third-party evaluation of all the CSS in a time-bound manner so that the findings of the evaluation are made available to appropriate authorities for determining the rationalization of the schemes.