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Crime in India 2019 Report: NCRB

  • 01 Oct 2020
  • 5 min read

Why in News

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released the annual Crime in India 2019 report.

  • It reports an increase in crimes against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the year 2019 as compared to the year 2018.

Key Points

  • Crimes against SCs and STs:
    • Crime against SCs have increased by over 7% and crimes against STs have increased by 26% in year 2019 compared to 2018.
    • Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of crimes against SCs in 2019, followed by Rajasthan and Bihar.
    • Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against STs, followed by Rajasthan, and Odisha.
    • Categories: Crimes against SCs and STs include the following categories:
    • Lack of Data
      • According to the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI), very few cases were being registered for specific discriminatory action against SCs and STs under the POA Act.
      • Such actions are registered mainly when accompanied by any of the IPC offences liek rape, murders etc.
      • Also, there is no data on total complaints received on crimes against the Scheduled Castes, the only data available is the number of cases registered.

  • Data on Other Crimes
    • Cognizable Crimes: An increase of 1.6% in registration of cognizable crimes in 2019 as compared to 2018 was recorded. Cognizable crimes comprise Indian Penal Code (IPC) ones and Special and Local Laws (SLL) crimes.
      • Cognisable offence means an offence in which a police officer has the authority to make an arrest without a warrant.
      • SLL are Acts that are framed by the state government for specific issues.
    • Crimes Against Women: Crime against women showed an increase of 7.3% in 2019 from 2018.
      • 88 cases of crimes against women were recorded per day.
      • Majority of cases under crime against women under IPC were registered under cruelty by husband or his relatives (30.9%), followed by assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty, kidnapping & abduction of women and rape .
      • In the number of cases of rape of women belonging to SCs, Rajasthan topped the list, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
    • Cybercrimes: Increased by 63.5% in 2019.
      • 60.4% of cybercrime cases registered were for the motive of fraud followed by sexual exploitation.
  • Other Related News: The Supreme Court recently upheld the constitutional validity of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2018.
    • The amendment act was challenged on the grounds of violation of the fundamental right to equality (Article 14) and personal liberty (Article 21).
    • The amendment act adds article 18A which states that the preliminary enquiry shall not be required for registration of a First Information Report against any person.
    • It also delineates specific crimes against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as atrocities and describes strategies and prescribes punishments to counter these acts.

National Crime Record Bureau

  • NCRB, headquartered in New Delhi, was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
  • NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country (‘Crime in India’ report).
    • Being published since 1953, the report serves as a crucial tool in understanding the law and order situation across the country.

Source: TH

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