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Darjeeling Himalayan Railways

  • 31 Aug 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, concerns were raised against the Centre’s proposed monetisation of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railways (DHR).

Key Points

  • About:
    • DHR was built in the British era between 1879 and 1881.
    • It is located in the foothills of the Himalayas in West Bengal.
    • It is the most outstanding example of a hill passenger railway. Opened in 1881, its design applies bold and ingenious engineering solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty.
    • It was declared a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site in 1999.
  • Other Mountain Railways Declared as World Heritage Sites:

UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites

  • A World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by UNESCO for its special cultural or physical significance.
  • The list of World Heritage Sites is maintained by the international 'World Heritage Programme', administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
  • This is embodied in an international treaty called the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 1972.
  • India has 40 world heritage sites, 32 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed.

Source: TH

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