National Ayush Mission
- 15 Jul 2021
- 4 min read
Why in News
The government has decided to continue the National Ayush Mission (NAM) as a centrally sponsored scheme till 2026.
- The project will have a total cost of Rs. 4,603 crore, of which the Centre will bear Rs 3,000 crore share, and the states will cover the rest.
- Recently, new portals on the Ayush sector were also launched.
Meaning of 'Ayush'
- Traditional & Non-Conventional Systems of Health Care and Healing Which Include Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homoeopathy etc.
- The positive features of the Indian systems of medicine namely their diversity and flexibility; accessibility; affordability, a broad acceptance by a large section of the general public; comparatively lesser cost and growing economic value, have great potential to make them providers of healthcare that the large sections of our people need.
- Launched in September 2014 by the Department of AYUSH under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, during the 12th Plan for implementation through States/UTs.
- Now, it is implemented by the Ministry of Ayush.
- The scheme involves expansion of the AYUSH sector to promote holistic health of Indians.
- The Mission addresses the gaps in health services through supporting the efforts of State/UT Governments for providing AYUSH health services/education in the country, particularly in vulnerable and far-flung areas.
- Components of the National AYUSH Mission:
- Obligatory Components:
- AYUSH Services.
- AYUSH Educational Institutions.
- Quality Control of ASU&H (Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy) Drugs.
- Medicinal Plants.
- Flexible Component
- AYUSH Wellness Centres comprising Yoga and Naturopathy,
- Innovations in AYUSH including Public Private Partnership,
- IEC (Information, Education and Communication) activities,
- Voluntary certification scheme: Project based, etc.
- Obligatory Components:
- Expected Outcomes:
- Better access to AYUSH healthcare services through increased healthcare facilities and better availability of medicines and trained manpower.
- Improvement in AYUSH education through a well-equipped enhanced number of AYUSH Educational institutions.
- To focus on reducing communicable/non-communicable diseases through targeted public health programmes using AYUSH systems of Healthcare.
- The central schemes are divided into Central Sector Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS).
- Central sector schemes:
- These schemes are 100% funded by the Central government.
- Implemented by the Central Government machinery.
- Formulated on subjects mainly from the Union List.
- E.g.: Bharatnet, Namami Gange-National Ganga Plan, etc.
- Centrally Sponsored Schemes:
- These are the schemes by the centre where there is financial participation by both the centre and states.
- CSS are again divided into Core of the Core Schemes, Core Schemes and Optional schemes.
- There are 6 core of the core schemes.
- Most of these schemes prescribe specific financial participation by states. For example, in the case of MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act), state governments have to incur 25% material expenditure.
- The 6 core of the core CSS are:
- National Social Assistance Programme
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Program
- Umbrella Scheme for Development of Scheduled Castes
- Umbrella Programme for Development of Scheduled Tribes
- Umbrella Programme for Development of Minorities
- Umbrella Programme for Development of Other Vulnerable Groups.