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J&K Issue Raised at UNSC

  • 06 Aug 2020
  • 5 min read

Why in News

Recently, China has called India’s move in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) “illegal and invalid” and raised the issue at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in New York (USA).

Key Points

  • China’s Stand on Kashmir:
    • The Kashmir issue is a dispute left over from history between Pakistan and India, which is an objective fact established by the UN Charter, relevant Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements between Pakistan and India.
    • Any unilateral change to the status quo in the Kashmir region is illegal and invalid.
    • Kashmir region issue should be properly and peacefully resolved through dialogue and consultation between the parties concerned.
  • India’s Reaction:
    • India has noted the Chinese comments and held that Beijing has “no locus standi” on the matter and is advised not to comment on the internal affairs of other nations.
  • UN’s Response:
    • The J&K issue has been raised at the UNSC three times in the last one year but there has been no concrete solution to it yet.
    • UN human rights experts have called on India to take urgent action to address the alarming human rights situation in the region.
    • If India fails to take any genuine and immediate steps to resolve the situation, meet the obligations to investigate historic and recent cases of human rights violations and prevent future violations, then the international community should step up.
  • Amnesty International India Report:
    • Amnesty International in its report has urged the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the National Commission for Women (NCW) to set up offices in J&K to facilitate easy access to the complaint filing process for the local people.
      • NHRC has been asked to appoint a special monitor for the region and to take up cases pending with the erstwhile State Commission.
      • NCW has been recommended to set up a J&K cell for addressing problems faced by women.
      • The report held that people in J&K do not have any way of redressal of the violations of their rights after the closure of the State Commission in 2019.
    • It also called on the government to release all political leaders, journalists and activists from detention; restore 4G mobile Internet; decongest prisons and start an independent investigation into attacks on journalists.
    • The report acknowledged that there may be security concerns that merit restrictions on the right to freedom of expression.
    • It suggested that curbs should be for a limited timeframe and as per the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which India is a state party.

Amnesty International

  • It is an international Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) founded in London on 28th May 1961.
  • It seeks to publicise violations by governments and other entities of rights recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), especially freedom of speech and of conscience and the right against torture.
  • It also works with intergovernmental human rights bodies to expand and enforce human rights protections in international law.
  • In 1977, it was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.

Source: IE

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