Launched to enhance farm water access and promote efficient irrigation.
Involves on-farm water use efficiency, sustainable conservation practices, and more.
Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing the "Per Drop More Crop" component of PMKSY.
The PMKSY- "Per Drop More Crop" mainly focuses on water use efficiency at the farm level through micro irrigation (drip and sprinkler irrigation system).
Operational since 2015-16, enhances water conservation at the farm level.
Command Area Development & Water Management (CADWM) Programme has been brought under PMKSY – HKKP.
The main objective of taking up CAD works is to enhance the utilization of irrigation potential created and improve agriculture production on a sustainable basis through Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM).
Utilizes water-related data and technologies for disaster alerts and management.
Uses platforms like NavIC for timely dissemination of alerts.
“Sahi Fasal” Campaign:
Launched to encourage water-efficient crop choices in water-stressed areas.
Promotes economically viable and sustainable crop cultivation practices.
UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Questions (PYQs)
Q. What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme’? (2014)
Prevention of soil runoff
Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table
Regeneration of natural vegetation
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only (c) 1, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
The Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP) is implemented by the Department of Land Resources of Ministry of Rural Development.
The main objective of IWDP is to restore ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover and water. Statements 1, 3 and 4 are describing ways to conserve and develop soil, water and vegetative crop and are included in IWDP.
Watershed development refers to the conservation, regeneration and the judicious use of all the resources – natural (like land, water, plants, animals) and human – within the watershed area. Hence, 1, 3 and 4 are correct.
However, the linking of the country’s perennial with seasonal rivers is not done under the watershed development programme. Hence, 2 is not correct.
Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.
Q. On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion (2013)
(a) is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds (b) is found in freshwater lakes and rivers (c) exists as groundwater (d) exists as soil moisture
Q. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions of management and handling of hazardous wastes in India? (2013)
Q. “The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system”. How can it be made effective in urban areas? (2018)
Q. What is water stress? How and why does it differ regionally in India? (2019)