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Governance

World Food Safety Day

  • 08 Jun 2021
  • 5 min read

Why in News

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare virtually attended the World Food Safety Day (7th June) celebrations organized by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).

Key Points

  • About:
  • Aim:
    • To draw attention and inspire action to help prevent, detect and manage foodborne risks, contributing to food security, human health, economic prosperity, agriculture, market access, tourism and sustainable development.
  • 2021 Theme:
    • Safe Food for a Healthy Tomorrow.
  • Importance of Food Safety:
    • Access to sufficient amounts of safe food is key to sustaining life and promoting good health.
      • Foodborne illnesses are usually infectious or toxic in nature and often invisible to the plain eye, caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemical substances entering the body through contaminated food or water.
      • An estimated 4,20,000 people around the world die every year after eating contaminated food and children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the foodborne disease burden, with 1,25, 000 deaths every year.
    • Food safety has a critical role in assuring that food stays safe at every stage of the food chain - from production to harvest, processing, storage, distribution, all the way to preparation and consumption.
      • Food production is responsible for up to 30% of global greenhouse-gas emissions contributing to global warming.
      • Global food waste accounts for 6.7% of global greenhouse gas emissions, directly leading to climate change.
  • Related Global Initiative:
    • The Codex Alimentarius, or "Food Code" is a collection of standards, guidelines and codes of practice adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
    • The Codex Alimentarius Commission is a joint intergovernmental body of the Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization.
      • Currently, it has 189 members and India is a member.
  • Indian Initiatives for Food Safety:
    • State Food Safety Index :
      • FSSAI has developed the State Food Safety Index (SFSI) to measure the performance of States on five parameters of food safety.
      • The parameters include Human Resources and Institutional Arrangements, Compliance, Food Testing- Infrastructure and Surveillance, Training and Capacity Building and Consumer Empowerment.
    • Eat Right India Movement:
      • It is an initiative of the Government of India and FSSAI to transform the country’s food system in order to ensure safe, healthy and sustainable food for all Indians.
      • Eat Right India is aligned to the National Health Policy 2017 with its focus on preventive and promotive healthcare and flagship programmes like Ayushman Bharat, POSHAN Abhiyaan, Anemia Mukt Bharat and Swachh Bharat Mission.
    • Eat Right Awards:
      • FSSAI has instituted the ‘Eat Right Awards’ to recognize the contribution of food companies and individuals to empower citizens to choose safe and healthy food options, which would help improve their health and well-being.
    • Eat Right Mela:
      • Organised by FSSAI, it is an outreach activity for citizens to nudge them towards eating right. It is organised to make citizens aware of the health and nutrition benefits of different types of food.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

  • About:
    • FSSAI is an autonomous statutory body established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act).
    • It has its headquarter in Delhi and its administrative Ministry is Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
  • Functions:
    • Framing of regulations to lay down the standards and guidelines of food safety.
    • Granting FSSAI food safety license and certification for food businesses.
    • Laying down procedure and guidelines for laboratories in food businesses.
    • To provide suggestions to the government in framing the policies.
    • To collect data regarding contaminants in foods products, identification of emerging risks and introduction of a rapid alert system.
    • Creating an information network across the country about food safety.

Source:PIB

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