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Water Quality Report

  • 18 Nov 2019
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution has released Water Quality Report for State capitals & Delhi as analysed by the Bureau of India Standards (BIS).

  • The study focused on the quality of piped drinking water and also ranked the States, smart cities and districts accordingly.
  • This study was in line with Jal Jeevan Mission which aims to provide tap water to all households by 2024.

Key Points

  • Tests were conducted on various parameters:
    • Organoleptic and Physical Tests
    • Chemical test
    • Toxic substances
    • Bacteriological tests
    • Total Dissolve Solids (TDS)
    • Turbidity
    • Total hardness
    • Total alkalinity
    • Minerals and metals
    • Presence of Coliform and E Coli
  • A vast majority of the samples have failed to comply with the requirements in one or more parameters.
  • Tap water in Mumbai is the safest for drinking while Delhi’s water is one of the worst.


  • Lack of initiatives in tap water systems due to the expanding packaged drinking water.
  • High dependence on groundwater in fast-growing urban clusters where piped water systems do not exist.
  • Lack of accountability of the official agencies.
  • Absence of robust data in the public domain on quality testing.

Way Forward

  • It should be legally binding on agencies to achieve standards and empowering consumers.
  • State governments should take an integrated view of housing, water supply, sanitation and waste management.
  • A scientific approach for water management should be adopted.
  • A separate agency in each state should be entrusted for regular testing rather than relying on the same agency.
  • Data on water should be made public on the same lines as air quality which would put pressure on governments to act.

Source: PIB

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