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Statehood Day of Mizoram

  • 21 Feb 2022
  • 3 min read

Why in News?

Recently, the Prime Minister of India extended his wishes to the people of Mizoram on its 36th Statehood Day (20th February).

  • The formalization of Mizoram State took place on 20th February, 1987 after the 53rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution, 1986.

What do we know about Mizoram?

  • Historical background: The Mizo hills area became the Lushai Hills district within Assam at the time of independence. Further, in 1954 it was renamed the Mizo Hills District of Assam.
    • Mizoram was granted the status of a Union Territory in 1972 after signing an accord with the moderates of the Mizo National Front (MNF).
    • The Union Territory of Mizoram was conferred the status of a full state in 1986 after signing of a memorandum of settlement (Mizoram Peace Accord) between the Central government and the MNF.
  • Geographical Location:
    • International Border: Myanmar and Bangladesh
    • State Border: Tripura (northwest), Assam (north) and Manipur (northeast).
  • Demography: Mizoram population in 2022 is estimated to be 1.27 Million and is the second least populous state in India after Sikkim.
    • The Sex Ratio is 975 female per 1000 male (National: 943).
    • The Literacy rate of the state is 91.58 % (National: 74.04%).
  • Biodiversity: According to India State of Forest Report (ISFR), 2021 Mizoram has the maximum forest cover as a percentage of their own geographical area at (84.53%) from the North eastern region of the country.
    • State Animal: Saza (serow)
    • State Bird: Vavu (Hume Bartailed Pheasant).
  • Protected Areas:
    • Dampa Tiger Reserve
    • Murlen National Park
    • Phawngpui National Park
    • Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Tribals: It has the highest concentration (percentage) of tribal population among all states of India.
    • Mizos consist of 5 major and 11 minor tribes known as Awzia. The 5 major tribes include: Lushei, Ralte, Hmar, Paihte and Pawi.
    • The Mizos are a close- knit society with no class distinction and discrimination on grounds of sex, status or religion.
    • Mizos are agriculturists, practise “Jhum Cultivation” or slash- and- burn system of cultivation.
  • Festivals and Dance: The Mizos have two main festivals- Mim Kut and Chapchar Kut.
    • Mim Kut: It is a Maize festival that is celebrated during the months of August and September, after the harvest of maize.
    • Chapchar Kut: It is a Spring Festival, most popular and celebrated after completion of the task of jungle clearing for “jhum” operations.
    • The most colourful and distinctive dance of the Mizo is called Cheraw. Long bamboo staves are used for this dance, therefore many people call it ‘Bamboo Dance’.

Source: PIB

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