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National Air Quality Resource Framework of India

  • 25 Jun 2022
  • 5 min read

For Prelims: NARFI, Air Pollution

For Mains: Health, Conservation

Why in News?

Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government inaugurated the National Mission on "National Air Quality Resource Framework of India (NARFI)".

  •  NARFI has been developed by the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), Bengaluru. 

What is NARFI?

  • About:
    • The NARFI is an information mechanism to help decision-makers in government, municipalities, start-ups and in the private sectors to address air pollution issues in different climatic zones of India.
    • Research-based audited Information and industry-oriented solutions will be shared in an easy-to-understand format.
    • The short-term basic training modules tailored for different groups such as active ground level staff in government establishments, implementers, media and policymakers, would be an integral part of the framework.
  • Objectives:
    • To help enrich communication and enhance general awareness, leading to self-mitigation.
  • Modules: The NARFI will evolve around the following five modules:
    • THEME-1: Emission Inventory, Air Shed, and Mitigation
    • THEME-2: Impacts on Human Health and Agriculture
    • THEME-3: Integrated Monitoring, Forecasting and Advisory Framework
    • THEME-4: Outreach, Social Dimension, Transition Strategy and Policy
    • THEME-5: Solutions, Public-Industry Partnership, Stubble Burning & New Technologies.
  • Significance:
    • It will will enable knowledge creation, developing infrastructure and industrial structures and studying its effects on human health in the country.
    • It will provide an all-inclusive guide to collecting air quality data, studying its impact and implementing science-based solutions.

What is Air Pollution?

UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Question (PYQ)

Q. Consider the following: (2011)

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Oxides of Nitrogen
  3. Oxides of Sulphur

Which of the above is/are the emission/emissions from coal combustion at thermal power plants?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans: (d)

Exp:

  • Coal based power plants are the major contributor of the atmospheric air pollution and contribute significantly to global warming and adverse health effects which can ultimately lead to diseases like lung cancer.
  • Toxic compounds released from the burning of coal include:
    • Oxides of Carbon (COx ), Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Monoxide; hence, 1 is correct.
    • Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx), hence, 2 is correct.
    • Oxides of Sulphur (SOx ), hence, 3 is correct.
    • Fly Ash
  • Trace elements like Mercury, Cadmium and lead are also emitted which are also hazardous for health.
  • Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

Source: PIB

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