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Crime in India Report 2020: NCRB

  • 17 Sep 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released the Crime in India Report 2020.

  • While 2020, a year marked by months of a national lockdown due to the pandemic saw fewer traditional crimes such as those committed against women and children, among others, it witnessed a big spike in civil conflicts.

Key Points

  • Riots (Civil Conflicts):
    • Communal riots registered an increase of 96% in 2020 over the previous year.
      • Delhi Police alone registered the highest i.e. 520 cases of communal riots in the year and Uttar Pradesh (UP) did not record a single case of communal violence in 2020.
    • Caste riots saw an increase of close to 50%, agrarian riots 38% and riots during ‘andolan/morcha’ increased by 33%.
  • Traditional Crimes:
    • The number of cases registered for crimes against women, children and senior citizens, theft, burglary, robbery and dacoity, among others, dropped by about 2 lakh.
    • Murder registered a marginal increase of 1% even as offences falling under the category of “violent crimes” decreased by 0.5%.
    • Delhi is the most unsafe city for women. More than 10,093 cases of crimes against women were registered in the capital in 2020.
  • Environment Related Offences:
    • Cases under the ‘environment-related offences’ category increased by 78.1% in the country in 2020.
  • Cyber Crime:
    • The rate of cyber crime (incidents per lakh population) also increased from 3.3% in 2019 to 3.7% in 2020.
  • Offences Against State:
  • State Wise Data:

National Crime Records Bureau

  • NCRB, headquartered in New Delhi, was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
  • NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country (‘Crime in India’ report).
    • Having been published since 1953, the report serves as a crucial tool in understanding the law and order situation across the country.
  • The inaugural function of the 2nd CCTNS Hackathon and Cyber Challenge 2020-21 of NCRB was held in New Delhi.

Source: IE

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