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Rising Complaints of Crimes Against Women: NCW

  • 08 Sep 2021
  • 6 min read

Why in News

Recently, the National Commission for Women (NCW) informed that there was a rise of 46% in complaints of crimes against women in the first eight months of 2021 over the corresponding period of last year.

  • NCW was set up as a statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. Its mission is to strive towards enabling women to achieve equality and equal participation in all spheres of life.
  • In October 2020, the Supreme Court said that crimes against women continued in a never-ending cycle in India.

Key Points

  • About:
  • Violence against Women:
    • About:
      • The United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life."
      • Violence against women is a social, economic, developmental, legal, educational, human right, and health (physical and mental) issue.
      • Since the outbreak of Covid-19, emerging data and reports from those on the front lines, have shown that all types of violence against women and girls, particularly domestic violence, has intensified.
    • Reasons:
      • Gender Disparity is one of the deep rooted cause of violence against women that put women at risk of several forms of violence.
      • Non-Retaliation, Absence of laws addressing their rights comprehensively and Ignorance of the existing statutes.
      • Societal attitude, stigma and conditioning also made women vulnerable to domestic violence and these are the main factors for under-reporting of cases.
    • Impact:
      • The adverse psychological, sexual and reproductive health consequences of violence against women and girls affect women at all stages of their life.
      • For example, early-set educational disadvantages not only represent the primary obstacle to universal schooling and the right to education for girls; down the line they are also to blame for restricting access to higher education and even translate into limited opportunities for women in the labour market.
    • Global Initiatives:
      • The Spotlight Initiative: The European Union (EU) and the United Nations (UN) have embarked on a new, global, multi-year initiative focused on eliminating all forms of Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG).
        • It is so named as it brings focused attention to this issue, moving it into the spotlight and placing it at the centre of efforts to achieve gender equality and women's empowerment.
      • International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women-25th November.
      • UN Women is the United Nations entity dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women.
    • Indian Initiatives:

Way Forward

  • Violence against women continues to be an obstacle to achieving equality, development, peace as well as to the fulfillment of women and girls’ human rights.
  • All in all, the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - to leave no one behind - cannot be fulfilled without putting an end to violence against women and girls.
  • Crime against women cannot be resolved in the court of law alone. A holistic approach & changing the entire ecosystem is what is required.
  • All the stakeholders need to get their act together, including Law makers, police officers, forensic dept, prosecutors, judiciary, medical & health dept, NGOs, rehabilitation centers.

Source: IE

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