Ayush Wellness Centres under National Ayush Mission
- 23 Mar 2020
- 4 min read
Why in News
Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the inclusion of AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres (AYUSH HWCs) in the National AYUSH Mission (NAM).
- AYUSH HWC is a component of the Ayushman Bharat.
- The National Health Policy 2017 advocated for mainstreaming the potential of AYUSH systems (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa and Homoeopathy) within a pluralistic system of integrative healthcare.
- In 2018, the Government of India decided that 1.5 lakh health & wellness Centres would be created by transforming existing sub-health centres and primary health centres to deliver comprehensive primary health care.
- So, it was decided that the Ministry of AYUSH would operationalize 10% of the total sub-health centres as HWCs under Ayushman Bharat.
- Cost and time:
- Expenditure- ₹3399.35 Crore (with a ratio of almost 2:1 between the centre and the states respectively)
- Time- Within a period of five years from 2019-20 to 2023-24.
- AYUSH HWCs operating under NAM will have the following objectives:
- To establish a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices focusing on preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative healthcare by integration with the existing public health care system.
- To provide informed choice to the public in need, by making the AYUSH services available.
- To spread community awareness about lifestyle, yoga, medicinal plants and provision of medicines for selected conditions as per strength of AYUSH systems.
- After consulting with the States/UTs, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and other ministries involved, the Ministry of AYUSH has proposed two models for operationalization of AYUSH HWCs:
- Upgradation of existing AYUSH dispensaries.
- Upgradation of existing Sub Health Centres (SHCs).
- Enhanced accessibility to achieve universal health coverage for affordable treatment.
- Reduced burden on secondary and tertiary health care facilities.
- Reduced out of pocket expenditure due to self-care model.
- Integration of AYUSH in implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 (Good Health and Well-being), as mandated by the NITI Aayog.
- Validated holistic wellness model in target areas.
National Health Policy, 2017
- It seeks to reach everyone in a comprehensive integrated way to move towards wellness.
- It aims at achieving universal health coverage and delivering quality health care services to all at affordable cost.
National AYUSH Mission
- It was launched by the Department of AYUSH under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, during the 12th Plan for implementation through States/UTs.
- To promote AYUSH medical systems through cost effective AYUSH services.
- To strengthen the educational systems.
- To facilitate the enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy (ASU&H) drugs and sustainable availability of the raw-materials needed in them.
- It envisages flexibility of implementation of the programmes which will lead to substantial participation of the State Governments/UT.
- Elements of the National AYUSH Mission:
- Obligatory Components
- AYUSH Educational Institutions.
- AYUSH Services.
- Medicinal Plants Quality Control of ASU&H Drugs.
- Flexible Components
- AYUSH Wellness Centres comprising Yoga and Naturopathy.
- Obligatory Components