For Prelims: Lifestyle for Environment (LiFE), INDIA @ CoP27, Circular Economy, TX2 International Award, National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), Ramsar Convention, Swachh Sagar Surakshit Sagar Campaign
For Mains: Initiatives of MoEFCC.
Lifestyle for Environment (LiFE)
The concept of ‘Lifestyle for the Environment (LiFE) was introduced by Prime Minister of India at COP26 in Glasgow on 1st November 2021.
The cover decision of UNFCCC COP27, titled the ‘Sharm Al Sheikh Implementation Plan’, notes the 'importance of transition to sustainable lifestyles and sustainable patterns of consumption and production for efforts to address climate change'.
Promoting Circular Economy - Waste-to-Wealth
Circular Economy Action Plans for 10 waste categories (Lithium-ion batteries; E-waste; Toxic and hazardous industrial waste; Scrap metal (ferrous and non-ferrous); Tyre and Rubber; End of Life Vehicles; Gypsum, Used Oil, Solar Panels and Municipal Solid Waste have been finalized, and are under implementation.
The MoEF&CC is the Nodal Ministry for Circular Economy Action Plan for Tyre and Rubber and stakeholder ministry in other CE Action Plans.
India’s historical contribution to cumulative global GHG emissions is therefore minuscule despite having a share of ~17% of the world’s population.
India is committed to pursuing low-carbon strategies for development and is actively pursuing them, as per national circumstances.
India needs to build climate resilience.
The LT-LEDS aims to go beyond India’s climate targets or the nationally determined contributions (NDC) of achieving 50% of India’s cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil sources by 2030.
India’s LT-LEDS rests on seven key transitions to low-carbon development pathways.
These include electricity systems, transport systems, urbanization, industrial systems, CO2 removal, forestry, economic and financial aspects of low carbon development.
Cheetah Introduction in India
The last cheetahs in the Indian wilderness were recorded in 1947.
The main reasons for the extinction of cheetahs in India were large scale capture of animals from the wild for coursing, bounty and sport hunting.
The reason for the decline of the cheetah is extensive habitat conversion along with consequent decline in prey base.
Cheetahs were declared as extinct by the government in 1952.
The Government of India initiated G2G consultative meetings with the Republic of Namibia which culminated in the signing of MoU between the two countries for cheetah conservation.
Eight cheetahs were translocated from Namibia to India (Kuno National Park, Madhya Pradesh).
India establishes Asia’s largest Ramsar Sites network
India added ten wetlands to the List of Wetlands of International Importance (also called Ramsar Sites) within the framework of the Ramsar Convention.
Taking the total number of Ramsar Sites in India to an incredible 75, the highest in Asia.
Ramsar Site designation has received a significant policy push from the MoEFCC.
The network of Indian Ramsar Sites currently covers 1.33 million ha, which is approximately 8% of the known wetland extent of the country.
Ramsar Sites form an international network of wetlands which are important for conserving global biological diversity and sustaining human lives through the maintenance of their ecosystem components, processes and services.
Ramsar Sites are one of the three pillars of the Ramsar Convention, the other two being working towards the wise use of wetlands and cooperating internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetlands and shared species.
Since 1986, the MoEFCC has been implementing a national scheme known as the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems to assist state governments in preparing and implementing integrated management plans for Ramsar sites and other priority wetlands.
The award is given to tiger reserves that have made significant progress towards doubling the tiger number since 2010.
In 2010, the ambitious goal of doubling wild tiger number by 2022 was set by the 13 tiger range countries.
The tiger reserves/ tiger conservation sites of range countries can submit the applications for TX2 awards.
From India, in 2020, the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Uttar Pradesh won the TX2 award and the Manas Tiger Reserve, Assam was selected for Conservation Excellence award for the transboundary conservation partnership.