For Prelims: Samagra Shiksha, PRASHAST Mobile App, RTE Act, 2009, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidvalavas (KGBVs), National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021, National Education Policy (NEP)
For Mains: Significance of Samagra Shiksha, Prashast Mobile App, Parakh Program and other initiatives of the Ministry of Education.
The Centrally sponsored scheme of Samagra Shiksha of the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L) is an overarching program for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class XII.
Under the Information & Communication Technology (ICT) component of the Samagra Shiksha Scheme, there is a provision to impart computer literacy and computer-enabled learning to children, by developing and deploying curriculum-based interactive multimedia, digital books, virtual labs etc. across the country.
It envisages covering all Government/Government-aided schools with classes VI to XII.
Pariksha Pe Charcha, is a unique interactive program of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. In this program PM interacts with students, teachers and parents.
PRASHAST Mobile App – “Pre-Assessment Holistic Screening Tool”
DoSE&L has launched a Disabilities Screening Checklist for Schools and an Android Mobile App titled as PRASHAST Mobile App – “Pre-Assessment Holistic Screening Tool” for schools during Shikshak Parv, 2022.
PRASHAST App will help in screening 21 disability conditions recognized in RPwD Act,2016, at the school level and will generate the school-wise report.
The schedule to RTE Act, 2009 has been amended regarding pupil teacher ratio for special educators in general schools.
One special education teacher for every ten pupils with disabilities enrolled at primary level and one special education teacher for every fifteen pupils with disabilities enrolled at upper primary level.
Up-Gradation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidvalavas (KGBVs)
KGBVs are residential schools under Samagra Shiksha, for girls from class VI to XII belonging to disadvantaged groups such as SC, ST, OBC, Minority and Below Poverty Line (BPL).
This center will work for setting norms, standards, and guidelines for student assessment and evaluation for all recognized school boards of India, hand holding the States and undertaking the National Achievement Survey (NAS).
National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021
The Government of India has been implementing a program of sample based National Achievement Survey (NAS) aimed at classes III, V, VIII and X with a cycle period of three years.
The NAS 2021 has covered:
Government Schools (Central Government and State Government)
Government Aided Schools
Private Unaided Schools
Subjects covered are Language, Mathematics & EVS for class 3 & 5.
Language, Mathematics, Science & Social Science for class 8.
Language, Mathematics, Science, Social Science and English for class 10.
Implementation of National Education Policy (NEP)
NEP Implementation Plan ‘SARTHAQ’ (Students’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement through Quality Education) was released.
It was launched for ensuring that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy and numeracy in Grade 3 by 2026-27.
NCERT has developed a 3 Months Play Based ‘School Preparation Module’ named ‘Vidya Pravesh’.
Foundational Learning Study (FLS)to assess the learning level of Class 3 students in Foundational Literacy and Numeracy was administered by MoE and NCERT in collaboration with States/UTs across all Indian States and Union Territories under the NIPUN-BHARAT Mission.
To connect the Government and Government aided schools through a community/volunteer management program, the Department has revamped the Vidyanjali web portal.
The newly introduced portal - Vidyanjali 2.0 aimsto help the community/volunteers interact and connect directly with schools of their choice to share their knowledge and skills as well as contribute in the form of assets/material/equipment.
The Cabinet approved a newly centrally sponsored scheme called PM SHRI.
These schools will showcase the implementation of the National Education Policy 2020 and emerge as exemplary schools over a period of time.
They will provide leadership in their respective regions in providing high-quality education in an equitable, inclusive and joyful school environment that takes care of the diverse background, multilingual needs, and different academic abilities of children and makes them active participants in their own learning process as per the vision of NEP 2020.
The duration of the scheme is proposed to be from 2022-23 to 2026-27; after which it shall be the responsibility of the States/UTs to continue to maintain the benchmarks achieved by these schools.
It aims to assess the relative performance of all the States/UTs in a uniform scale to encourage States/UTs to perform better.
The new PGI structure covers 73 indicators, focused more towards qualitative assessment besides including digital initiatives and teacher education.
Performance Grading Index District (PGI-D):
The PGI-Dis crafted with a more focused objective of assessing districts on a common parameter with attention now shifting towards outcome measurement of educational policies.
The PGI-D structure comprises total weight age of 600 points across 83 indicators, which are grouped under 6 categories viz., Outcomes, Effective Classroom Transaction, Infrastructure Facilities & Student’s Entitlements, School Safety & Child Protection, Digital Learning and Governance Process.
PGI-D grades the districts into ten grades viz highest achievable Grade is called Daksh, which is for Districts scoring more than 90% of the total points in that category or overall.
The lowest grade in PGI-D is called Akanshi-3 which is for scores upto10% of the total points.