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Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. Discuss the significance of space technology in promoting sustainable development in India. (150 words)

    03 May, 2023 GS Paper 3 Science & Technology


    • Start your answer with a brief introduction to Space Technology.
    • Discuss its significance in promoting sustainable development.
    • Conclude accordingly.


    Space technology or space tech refers to the application of engineering principles to the design, development, manufacture, and operation of devices and systems for space travel and exploration. Space technology has played a significant role in promoting sustainable development in India.


    Significance of Space Technology

    • Environmental Monitoring:
      • Space technology has enabled accurate and continuous monitoring of environmental factors such as land use, deforestation, oceanography, and weather patterns, allowing policymakers to make informed decisions on natural resource management.
    • Disaster Management:
      • India has a history of natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and cyclones.
      • Space technology has enabled rapid response and disaster management capabilities, with remote sensing and communication technologies providing critical information to emergency responders.
    • Agriculture:
      • Space technology has been instrumental in improving agricultural productivity through remote sensing and monitoring of crop growth and soil moisture.
      • This data helps farmers make informed decisions about water usage and fertilizer application, resulting in increased yields and reduced environmental impact.
    • Communication:
      • Space technology has improved communication and connectivity in India, with satellite communication providing reliable and cost-effective connectivity in remote and rural areas.
      • This has enabled better access to information, education, and healthcare services.
    • National Security:
      • Space technology has contributed significantly to India's national security, with satellites used for strategic communication, surveillance, and intelligence gathering.
      • This has helped to safeguard the nation's borders and protect its citizens.


    Space technology has played a crucial role in promoting sustainable development in India, with its contribution ranging from environmental monitoring to disaster management and from agriculture to national security. Its continued investment and development will remain a crucial priority for India in the years to come.

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