हिंदी साहित्य: पेन ड्राइव कोर्स
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Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. What are the distinctive features of environmental ethics? Why has environmental ethics become one of the major concerns in the contemporary world? (250 words)

    05 Mar, 2020 GS Paper 4 Theoretical Questions


    • Define environmental ethics
    • Mention distinctive features of environmental ethics.
    • Explain, how and why environmental ethics has become a concern for the contemporary world
    • Conclude by explaining its global significance.


    Environmental ethics is a branch of ethics that studies the relation of human beings and the environment and how ethics play a role in this. This branch of ethics emerged due to effects that technology, industry, economic expansion and population growth have on the environment.


    Distinctive features of Environmental ethics:

    • Environmental ethics believe that humans are a part of society as well as other living creatures, which includes plants and animals.
    • It is teleological as it is aiming for the welfare of human along with other species through different means.
    • It is inter-disciplinary, which involved politics, environment, science, ethics, etc.
    • It is global where every country whether rich of poor is participating.

    Environmental ethics has become one of the major concerns in the contemporary world because of the following reasons:

    • According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report 2019- “Of all risks, it is in relation to the environment that the world is most clearly sleepwalking into a catastrophe”.
    • Global warming and climate change have threatened the lives of billions of people.
    • Loss of biodiversity, which is not just environmental issues; it is also a threat to global development, security, and economic prosperity.
    • The apathy of the ruling class toward the environment. For example, the withdrawing of the USA from the Paris Climate treaty
    • Climate change-induced conflict. According to the Global Environmental Change (scientific journal), there is a direct correlation between climate change, migration, and conflict.


    While the world is divided on the basis of ideology, nation-states, religion, language, etc, environmental ethics has united this divided world. The challenges posed by global warming, climate change, deforestation, desertification, etc, affect people irrespective of any boundaries, so it requires a unified effort.

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