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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. What are the key challenges faced by rural India in border areas, and how can the Vibrant Villages initiative help address these challenges? Discuss (150 words)

    21 Feb, 2023 GS Paper 2 Polity & Governance


    • Start your answer by briefly introducing about vibrant village initiative.
    • Discuss key challenges faced by rural areas in border areas and how vibrant village can help address these challenges.
    • Conclude accordingly.


    • Rural India is home to more than two-thirds of the country's population and is essential to India's economic and social development. However, rural areas in border regions face unique challenges that limit their growth potential. These issues have been compounded due to their proximity to border areas, making them vulnerable to various social, political, and economic issues.
    • The Vibrant Villages initiative is a flagship program launched by the Government of India to promote rural development by creating sustainable models of community development.


    • Key Challenges Faced by Rural India in Border Areas:
      • Limited Infrastructure: Rural areas in border regions face severe infrastructure challenges such as limited access to roads, transportation, electricity, and water supply. The lack of infrastructure hinders the growth potential of rural communities, limiting their access to markets, education, and healthcare facilities.
      • Inadequate Access to Basic Amenities: The lack of access to basic amenities such as clean drinking water, sanitation facilities, and electricity affects the health and wellbeing of rural communities. This issue is particularly acute in border regions, where communities are isolated and lack access to basic services.
      • Poor Healthcare Facilities: Rural areas in border regions have limited access to healthcare facilities, leading to poor health outcomes. This issue is exacerbated due to the lack of healthcare professionals and medical infrastructure.
      • Low Literacy Rate: Rural areas in border regions have a low literacy rate, limiting their access to education and job opportunities. This issue is compounded by the lack of quality education infrastructure and qualified teachers.
      • Economic Instability: Rural communities in border regions face economic instability due to limited access to markets and job opportunities. This issue is exacerbated by the lack of infrastructure, poor connectivity, and limited access to financial services.
    • Role of the Vibrant Villages Initiative in Helping Address These Challenges:
      • Empowering Rural Communities: The Vibrant Villages initiative empowers rural communities by providing them with the necessary resources and skills to identify and address their own development needs.
        • This approach ensures that development initiatives are community-driven, sustainable, and responsive to local needs.
      • Providing Necessary Infrastructure: The Vibrant Villages initiative aims to create necessary infrastructure such as roads, transportation, electricity, and water supply, to improve connectivity and promote socio-economic development in rural areas.
        • This approach addresses the infrastructure deficit in rural India, enabling communities to access markets, education, and healthcare facilities.
      • Promoting Socio-economic Development: The Vibrant Villages initiative promotes socio-economic development by providing access to financial services, creating job opportunities, and promoting entrepreneurship in rural areas.
        • This approach enables rural communities to participate in the economic development of the country and improves their economic stability.
      • Improving Healthcare Facilities: The Vibrant Villages initiative aims to improve healthcare facilities in rural areas by creating necessary medical infrastructure, increasing the number of healthcare professionals, and promoting preventive healthcare practices.
        • This approach addresses the healthcare deficit in rural India, improving health outcomes, and promoting wellbeing.


    Rural India in border areas faces several challenges that limit their growth potential. However, the Vibrant Villages initiative provides a promising approach to address these challenges by empowering rural communities, providing necessary infrastructure, promoting socio-economic development, and improving healthcare facilities. By addressing these challenges, the Vibrant Villages initiative has the potential to improve the lives of rural communities in border regions, promote their economic stability, and contribute to the overall development of the country.

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