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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. How does Indian society maintain continuity in traditional social values? Enumerate the changes taking place in it. (250 words)

    14 Feb, 2022 GS Paper 1 Indian Society


    • Start with writing Indian society’s diverse traditional values.
    • Discuss how Indian society is able to maintain its traditional social values.
    • Changes that are taking place concerning the traditional values
    • Conclude Suitably


    The essence of Indian society lies in harbouring diverse and distinct identities, ethnicities, languages, religions, and culinary preferences. History stands witness to the fact that the societies that have struggled to hold differences were shattered in such an attempt.

    • Tolerance: In India, tolerance and liberalism are found for all religions, castes, communities, etc. Indian society accepted and respected various religions and ensured that there is a peaceful co-existence of religions.
    • Sense of Harmony: Indian philosophy and culture try to achieve innate harmony and order in society.
    • Continuity and Stability: The light of ancient Indian culture life is yet glowing. Many invasions occurred, many rulers changed, many laws were passed but even today, the traditional institutions, religion, epics, literature, philosophy, traditions, etc. are alive.
    • Adaptability: Adaptability is the process of changing according to time, place, and period. Indian society has shown fluidity and has adjusted itself with changing times.
    • Caste System and Hierarchy: Indian Society has evolved systems of social stratification, which in the past helped in accommodating outsiders, but concomitantly it has also been the reason for discrimination and prejudice.
    • Unity in diversity: Despite inherent differences, Indian society celebrates unity in diversity which reflects in modern India’s founding principles and constitutional ideals.

    In recent times, Indian society has seen a surge in multiple divisive issues like

    • Casteism: Caste-based discrimination leads society to divide into artificial groups which sometimes even led to violence. No country can make real progress unless this system is uprooted completely.
    • Communalism: The aggressive attitude of one community towards the other creates tension and clashes between two religious communities. It poses a great challenge to democracy and the unity of our country.
    • Nuclear Families: A new trend of nuclear families with one or a maximum of two children has emerged in India. Due to this children are not able to get the presence of the elderly who plays a major role in instilling values among the younger ones.
    • Gender Discrimination: There is a need for India to closely examine the norms that allow violence and a broader pattern of gender discrimination to continue. Any society that does not value women as much as men are not reaching its full potential.

    Despite all these reasons, India remains a diverse country, a bewildering mosaic of communities of all kinds; our peculiar societal genius is to fashion a form of coexistence where diversity can flourish and find its place. The principle of Sarva Dharma Sambhava (equal respect for all religions) is rooted in India’s tradition and culture.

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