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Important Facts For Prelims

World Soil Day

  • 05 Dec 2019
  • 2 min read

Why in News

World Soil Day (WSD) is held annually on 5 December to highlight the importance of healthy soil and to advocate for the sustainable management of soil resources.

  • The theme for WSD 2019 is ‘Stop Soil Erosion, Save Our Future’.

Key Points

  • It was recommended by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) in 2002. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has supported the formal establishment of WSD as a global awareness-raising platform under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership.
  • 5 December 2014 was designated as the first official World Soil Day by the UN General Assembly (UNGA).
  • The date of 5 December was chosen because it corresponds with the official birthday of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Thailand, who officially sanctioned the event.
  • FAO gives two awards in line with this day-
    • The King Bhumibol World Soil Day Award- an annual award that honours individuals, communities, organizations and countries that organized remarkable and engaging World Soil Day activities or campaigns in the previous year.
    • The Glinka World Soil Prize- an annual award for dynamic change-makers dedicated to solving one of our world’s most pressing environmental issue: soil degradation. It honours individuals and organizations whose leadership and activities have contributed, or are still contributing to the promotion of sustainable soil management and the protection of soil resources.

Source: FAO

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