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Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

  • 20 May 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Setting up of 22 new regional AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) has been approved under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) so far.

Key Points

  • About:
    • Launch:
      • PMSSY was announced in 2003 with objectives of correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services and also to augment facilities for quality medical education in the country.
    • Nodal Ministry:
      • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
    • Two Components:
      • Setting up of AIIMS like institutions.
      • Upgradation of government medical colleges in various states.
        • The project cost for upgradation of each medical college institution is shared by the Centre and the state.
  • Other Initiatives Related to Healthcare Sector:
    • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN)
      • A single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the proceeds of Health and Education Cess.
    • PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Scheme:
      • Announced in the Union Budget 2021-22.
      • Aims to develop capacities of primary, secondary, and tertiary care health systems even in the last miles of the nation, and developing a modern ecosystem for research, testing and treatment in the country itself.
    • National Digital Health Mission (NDHM):
      • The NDHM is a complete digital health ecosystem with four key features — health ID, personal health records, Digi Doctor and health facility registry.
    • Ayushman Bharat (a two-pronged approach):
      • Creation of health and wellness centres to bring health care closer to homes.
      • The formulation of a Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) to protect poor and vulnerable families against financial risk arising out of catastrophic health episodes.
    • National Health Policy (NHP) 2017:
      • Aims to provide healthcare in an “assured manner” to all, the NHP 2017 strives to address current and emerging challenges arising from the ever-changing socio-economic, technological and epidemiological scenarios.
    • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)
      • PMBJP stores have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
    • National Health Mission:
      • NHM was launched by the government of India in 2013 subsuming the National Rural Health Mission and the National Urban Health Mission.
      • The main programmatic components include Health System Strengthening in rural and urban areas for - Reproductive-Maternal- Neonatal-Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A), and Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases.

Source: PIB

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