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New Medicine for Bovine Mastitis

  • 27 Oct 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) has developed a poly-herbal medicine called Mastirak Gel to treat Mastitis in Dairy Cattle.

Key Points

  • Significance of Mastirak Gel:
    • It can improve the udder (Milk producing part) health.
    • It reduces inflammation which is detrimental to the udder.
    • It also reduces the use of antibiotics and helps in the cost-effective management of the disease.
  • Mastitis
    • About:
      • Mastitis, or inflammation of the mammary gland, is the most common and the most expensive disease of dairy cattle throughout most of the world.
        • Several types of bacteria cause distinctly different mastitis infections.
      • Antibiotic infusions into the udder nearly always cure the clinical disease but may not eliminate the bacterial infection.
    • Cause:
      • Although stress and physical injuries may cause inflammation of the gland, infection by invading bacteria or other microorganisms (fungi, yeasts and possibly viruses) is the primary cause of mastitis.
      • Infections begin when microorganisms penetrate the teat canal and multiply in the mammary gland.
    • Prevention:
      • New infections are prevented by focusing management efforts on reducing the presence of pathogens on the teat end.
      • The single most important management practice to prevent transmission of new infections is the use of an effective germicide as a post milking teat dip.
    • Impact:
      • It can affect farm productivity due to fall in milk quality, thus impacting income-generating activities.
      • It reduces milk yields, increases the cost of production and makes milk less valuable for liquid consumption and manufacture.

Source: PIB

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