Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha
- 16 Feb 2021
- 3 min read
Why in News
Recently, six elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary located in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.
- Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS)
- It is a disease which infects animals that come in contact with contaminated water or soil by a contagious bacteria (Pasteurella multocida).
- In this disease the respiratory tract and lungs of the animals are affected, leading to severe pneumonia.
- Affected Animals:
- It mainly affects water buffalo, cattle and bison with a high mortality rate in infected animals.
- Recently, around 40 buffaloes had succumbed to the infection in Odisha’s Kendrapara.
- The disease generally spreads in the period right before and after the monsoons.
- Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary
- Location: It is spread over 175 square kilometre area in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.
- Vegetation: Dry Deciduous Forest.
- Flora: Sal, Bija, Bamboo, medicinal plants, etc.
- Water Body: Phurlijharan waterfall is located within the sanctuary.
- Major Protected Areas in Odisha:
- National Parks:
- Wildlife Sanctuaries:
- Badrama WLS: It is characterized by the presence of Moist Sal Forests.
- Chilika (Nalaban island) WLS: Asia's largest and world's second-largest lagoon. Recently, direct sightings of school of Irrawaddy dolphins has been reported here.
- Hadgarh WLS: Salandi river passes through it which is home to mugger crocodiles.
- Baisipalli WLS: It is a sal dominated forest with a significant number of tigers, leopards, elephants, herbivores like Chousingha.
- Kotagarh WLS: It consists of dense deciduous forests with grasslands.
- Nandankanan WLS: First in the world to breed White tiger and Melanistic tiger.
- Lakhari Valley WLS: The Lakhari Valley Sanctuary is a dwelling place of a large number of elephants.
- Gahirmatha (Marine) WLS: It is a mass nesting spot in Indian Ocean region and the only turtle sanctuary in Odisha. The Olive Ridley turtles travel across the South Pacific to breed on the coast of Gahirmatha
- National Parks: