Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha | 16 Feb 2021

Why in News

Recently, six elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary located in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.

Key Points

  • Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS)
    • About:
      • It is a disease which infects animals that come in contact with contaminated water or soil by a contagious bacteria (Pasteurella multocida).
      • In this disease the respiratory tract and lungs of the animals are affected, leading to severe pneumonia.
    • Affected Animals:
      • It mainly affects water buffalo, cattle and bison with a high mortality rate in infected animals.
      • Recently, around 40 buffaloes had succumbed to the infection in Odisha’s Kendrapara.
    • Season:
      • The disease generally spreads in the period right before and after the monsoons.
  • Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Location: It is spread over 175 square kilometre area in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.
    • Vegetation: Dry Deciduous Forest.
    • Fauna:
    • Flora: Sal, Bija, Bamboo, medicinal plants, etc.
    • Water Body: Phurlijharan waterfall is located within the sanctuary.
  • Major Protected Areas in Odisha:
    • National Parks:
      • Bhitarkanika National Park: It is home to the largest congregation of the endangered SaltWater Crocodile in the country.
      • Simlipal National Park: It derives its name from the abundance of Semul or red silk cotton trees that bloom abundantly in the locality.
    • Wildlife Sanctuaries:
      • Badrama WLS: It is characterized by the presence of Moist Sal Forests.
      • Chilika (Nalaban island) WLS: Asia's largest and world's second-largest lagoon. Recently, direct sightings of school of Irrawaddy dolphins has been reported here.
      • Hadgarh WLS: Salandi river passes through it which is home to mugger crocodiles.
      • Baisipalli WLS: It is a sal dominated forest with a significant number of tigers, leopards, elephants, herbivores like Chousingha.
      • Kotagarh WLS: It consists of dense deciduous forests with grasslands.
      • Nandankanan WLS: First in the world to breed White tiger and Melanistic tiger.
      • Lakhari Valley WLS: The Lakhari Valley Sanctuary is a dwelling place of a large number of elephants.
      • Gahirmatha (Marine) WLS: It is a mass nesting spot in Indian Ocean region and the only turtle sanctuary in Odisha. The Olive Ridley turtles travel across the South Pacific to breed on the coast of Gahirmatha