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Indian Bison (Gaur)

  • 22 Aug 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, a case of poaching of Indian Bison was discovered using a sniffer dog in West Bengal.

Key Points

  • Indian Bison or Gaur (Bos gaurus)
    • Location: Native to South and Southeast Asia
      • In India, they are found in Nagarhole, Bandipur, Masinagudi National Parks and BR Hills.
    • Conservation Status:
    • Important Facts:
      • It is the tallest species of wild cattle found in India and largest extant bovine.
      • Recently, the first population estimation exercise of the Indian Gaur (Bison) was carried out in the Nilgiris Forest Division, Tamil Nadu.
      • Recently, the conservation breeding of Gaur was started at Mysuru zoo under the conservation breeding programme of the Central Zoo Authority (CZA).
    • Threats:
      • Food Scarcity: Due to the destruction in the grasslands, planting of commercially important trees, invasive plant species and indiscriminate grazing of domestic animals
      • Poaching: For their commercial value as well as due to the high demand of gaur meat.
      • Habitat Loss: Due to deforestation and commercial plantations.
      • Human-Animal Conflict: Due to living in proximity with human habitations.

Source: TH

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