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International Day of Persons with Disabilities

  • 06 Dec 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Every year on 3rd December, International Day of Persons with Disabilities is observed.

Disability

  • A disability is a condition or function judged to be significantly impaired relative to the usual standard of an individual of their group.
  • The term is often used to refer to individual functioning, including physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment, mental illness, and various types of chronic disease.
  • This usage has been described by some disabled people as being associated with a medical model of disability.

Key Points

  • Background:
    • The annual observance of this day began in 1992 after it was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 47/3.
    • In 2006, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) was also adopted.
    • It aims at working towards creating equal opportunities for persons with disabilities through the implementation of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development.
  • About:
    • The day is observed to promote the rights and well-being of people with disabilities at every level of society and development.
    • It also aims to raise awareness of the situations of persons with disabilities in all aspects of political, social, economic and cultural life.
  • Data related to Persons with Disabilities:
    • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 1 billion people experience disability, and this figure is predicted to rise, due in part to population ageing and an increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases.
    • As per the National Statistics Office report on disability released last year (2020), about 2.2% of India’s population lives with some kind of physical or mental disability.
  • Theme for 2021:
    • ‘Leadership and participation of persons with disabilities toward an inclusive, accessible, and sustainable post-Covid-19 world’.
  • Related Initiatives:

Related Observances

  • 4th January: World Braille Day
  • 21st March: World Down Syndrome Day
  • 2nd April: World Autism Day
  • 23rd September: International Day of Sign Languages
  • 10th December: Human Rights Day

Source: PIB

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