Karol Bagh | GS Foundation Course | 29 April, 11:30 AM Call Us
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates


India's Renewable Energy Vision: IREDA

  • 19 Feb 2024
  • 6 min read

For Prelims: Paris Agreement, India's Renewable Energy Vision: IREDA, World Bank (WB), Climate Change.

For Mains: India's Renewable Energy Vision: IREDA, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Source: PIB

Why in News?

Recently, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) addressed an international webinar organised by the World Bank (WB), shedding light on India's Renewable Energy landscape and its ambitious targets to combat Climate Change while ensuring energy security.

What are the Key Highlights of the IREDA’s Address at Webinar?

  • Huge Invests to Meet Climate Goals:
    • India's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), or its self-defined climate pledges under the Paris Agreement, for 2030 would require Rs 30 lakh crore of investments.
      • According to India's NDC goals, India pledges to reduce emissions intensity of its GDP (Gross Domestic Product) by 45% by 2030, from 2005 level and achieve about 50% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
    • The investment is required in manufacturing and capacity build-up for solar power, electrolysers, wind and battery space, power transmission, Green Hydrogen, hydro power and waste-to-energy sectors.
  • Elevation of Rooftop Solar Sector:
    • IREDA highlighted the significance of the "PM Surya Ghar Muft Bijli Yojana," a rooftop solar scheme.
    • This visionary project, backed by an investment exceeding Rs. 75,000 crores, aims to solarize 1 crore households by providing up to 300 units of free electricity every month.
      • The scheme not only provides substantial benefits but also fosters awareness about renewable energy, contributing to India's ambitious goal of achieving Net-Zero emissions by 2070 and Energy Independence by 2047.
  • Increase in Energy Demand:
    • India’s energy demand would increase significantly due to the ambitious plans of the government for the country and maximum energy demand would be met through renewable sources.
    • Approximately 90% of this demand is expected to be met through renewable sources.
      • Until sufficient energy storage for renewable energy is achieved, thermal energy will also be developed alongside.

What is IREDA?

  • IREDA is a mini ratna company under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
  • It was set up in 1987 as a specialised non-banking finance agency for the renewable energy sector.
  • IREDA plays a key role in renewable energy project financing which gives confidence to the financial institutions/banks to lend in the sector.

UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Question (PYQ)


Q. With reference to solar power production in India, consider the following statements: (2018)

  1. India is the third largest in the world in the manufacture of silicon wafers used in photovoltaic units.
  2. The solar power tariffs are determined by the Solar Energy Corporation of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (d)


  • Silicon wafers are thin slices of semiconductor, such as a crystalline Silicon (c-Si), used for the fabrication of integrated circuits and, in photovoltaics, to manufacture solar cells. China is by far the world’s largest producer of Silicon, followed by Russia, the United States, and Brazil. India does not figure among the top five producers of Silicon and Silicon wafers. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • Solar tariffs are determined by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission and not by Solar Energy Corporation of India. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

Q2. ‘Net metering’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of promoting the (2016)

(a) production and use of solar energy by the households/consumers
(b) use of piped natural gas in the kitchens of households
(c) installation of CNG kits in motor cars
(d) installation of water meters in urban households

Ans: (a)


Q. India has immense potential of solar energy though there are regional variations in its developments. Elaborate. (2020)

SMS Alerts
Share Page