Land possession was the key variable in determining income from cultivation, which accounted for half of the income inequality and hence was the key variable in explaining income inequality.
The lowest among the farmer groups in terms of landholding earns the least.
India primarily consists of small and marginal farmers(Farmers whose land holdings are less than two hectares (Ha) of land. About 85% landholdings in India are below two Ha)
So this makes small farmers take longer to increase their income in comparison to large farmers.
According to Ashok Dalwai committee doubling farmers’ income by 2022: The initial promise of agrarian reforms was to distribute land to the landless and provide the title of ownership to the cultivators.
Unfortunately, India’s agrarian reforms did not ensure egalitarianism in the agricultural community.
The Green Revolution in the 1960s focused on increasing productivity and yield. But since then, landholdings have become significantly fragmented. Marginal landholdings have tripled in the last 40 years.