2019 Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Regional and Country Analysis Report
- 20 Dec 2019
- 2 min read
Why in News
The 2019 Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Regional and Country Analysis report from the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) provides a ranking of pollution deaths on global, regional and country levels.
- In 2017, pollution was responsible for 15% of all deaths globally and 275 million Disability-Adjusted Life Years.
- The report includes three lists on pollution-induced deaths. India is the only country that features in the top 10 in all three lists.
- India saw the most pollution deaths of about 2.3 million.
- The top 10 countries with the most pollution deaths include both the world’s largest and wealthiest nations and some of the poorer ones.
- In the list of top 10 countries with the most pollution-related deaths in proportion to their population, there are many smaller countries where the impact of pollution in relation to population size is more intense.
- The list of top 10 countries with the most deaths related to air pollution corresponds closely to the list of top 10 countries with the most pollution-related deaths.
- Air pollution, both ambient and indoor, is one of the largest and most obvious types of pollution affecting global health.
Global Alliance on Health and Pollution
- It is a collaborative body made up of more than 60 members and dozens of observers.
- Few prominent members are Pure Earth (non-profit organisation), World Bank, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Asian Development Bank (ADB), the European Commission, the Ministries of Environment and Health of many low and middle-income countries etc.
- Its goal is to reduce death and illness caused by all forms of toxic pollution, including air, water, soil and chemical wastes especially in low and middle-income countries.