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Swachh Survekshan 2021

  • 23 Nov 2021
  • 5 min read

Why in News

Recently, the President awarded the respective cities in the 6th Edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS) 2021 for their performance in maintaining cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation.

  • The ceremony was held at the ‘Swachh Amrit Mahotsav’, which is a celebration of the achievements of cities in the past seven years of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and a commitment from cities and citizens to move forward with renewed vigour in the next phase of Swachhata through Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0.
  • Earlier, the Jal Shakti Ministry launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 or rural cleanliness survey 2021 under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II.

Key Points

  • Swachh Survekshan:
    • About:
      • It is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in cities and towns across India.
      • It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aimed to make India clean and free of open defecation.
      • The first survey was undertaken in 2016 and covered 73 cities.
        • By 2020 the survey had grown to cover 4242 cities and was said to be the largest cleanliness survey in the world.
      • In 2021 Survekshan, participated by 4,320 cities, also saw an unprecedented number of citizens’ feedback – over 5 crores, compared to 1.87 cores last year.
    • Nodal Ministry:
      • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
  • SS 2021 Categories:
    • Less than 1 lakh Population:
      • Vita, Lonavala, and Saswad cities from Maharashtra have ranked first, second, and third Cleanest Cities respectively.
    • More than 1 Lakh Population:
      • For the 5th consecutive year, Indore (Madhya Pradesh) was awarded the title of India’s Cleanest City under Swachh Survekshan, while Surat and Vijayawada bagged the second and third spots respectively.
      • Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover City’ thus securing a place among the top 100 cities at 87th position.
    • Best Ganga Town: Varanasi.
    • Cleanest Cantonment: Ahmedabad Cantonment, followed by Meerut Cantonment and Delhi Cantonment.
    • Cleanest State:
      • More than 100 Urban Local Bodies:
        • Chhattisgarh has been awarded as the ‘Cleanest State’ of India for the 3rd consecutive year.
        • Karnataka emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover State’.
      • Less than 100 Urban Local Bodies:
        • Jharkhand won the ‘Cleanest State’ of India for the second time in this category.
        • Mizoram emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover State’.
    • Prerak Daaur Samman:
      • This is a new performance category introduced under SS 2021, five cities – Indore, Surat, Navi Mumbai, New Delhi Municipal Council and Tirupati were categorized as ‘Divya’ (Platinum).
  • Other Awards:
    • Safaimitra Surakasha Challenge:
      • Under the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, the top performer cities are Indore, Navi Mumbai, Nellore, and Dewas across different population categories among 246 participating cities while the top performer states are Chhattisgarh and Chandigarh.
    • 5-star rated Garbage Free Cities in India:
      • Under the Star Rating Protocol of Garbage Free Cities, 9 cities were certified as 5-star cities while 143 cities were certified as 3-star.
        • The Star Rating Protocol was launched by MoHUA in 2018 to institutionalize a mechanism for cities to achieve Garbage Free status, and to motivate cities to achieve higher degrees of sustainable cleanliness.
      • The nine 5-star rated cities are Indore, Surat, New Delhi Municipal Council, Navi Mumbai, Ambikapur, Mysuru, Noida, Vijayawada, and Patan.

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0

  • SBM-U 2.0, announced in Budget 2021-22, is the continuation of SBM-U first phase.
  • The government is trying to tap safe containment, transportation, disposal of faecal sludge, and septage from toilets. It will be implemented over five years from 2021 to 2026 with an outlay of Rs. 1.41 lakh crore.
  • It focuses on source segregation of garbage, reduction in single-use plastic and air pollution, by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities and bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.
  • Under this mission, all wastewater will be treated properly before it is discharged into water bodies, and the government is trying to make maximum reuse a priority.

Source: PIB

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