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2nd Phase of SBM-U

  • 05 Oct 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Prime Minister launched the second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U 2.0).

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) is the nodal ministry for the scheme.

Key Points

  • About:
    • SBM-U 2.0, announced in Budget 2021-22, is the continuation of SBM-U first phase. The government is trying to tap safe containment, transportation, disposal of faecal sludge, and septage from toilets.
      • SBM-U first phase was launched on 2nd October 2014 aiming at making urban India Open Defecation Free (ODF) and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste. It lasted till October 2019.
    • It will be implemented over five years from 2021 to 2026 with an outlay of Rs.1.41 lakh crore
  • Aim:
    • It focuses on source segregation of garbage, reduction in single-use plastic and air pollution, by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities and bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.
    • Under this mission, all wastewater will be treated properly before it is discharged into water bodies, and the government is trying to make maximum reuse a priority.
  • Mission outcomes:
    • All statutory towns will become ODF+ certified (focuses on toilets with water, maintenance and hygiene)
    • All statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population will become ODF++ certified (focuses on toilets with sludge and septage management).
    • 50% of all statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population will become Water+ certified (aims to sustain toilets by treating and reuse of water).
    • All statutory towns will be at least 3-star Garbage Free rated as per MoHUA’s Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free cities.
    • Bioremediation of all legacy dumpsites.
  • Progress under SBM-U Phase -I:
    • 4,324 urban local bodies have been declared Open Defecation Free, which has been made possible through the construction of more than 66 lakhs individual household toilets and over 6 lakhs community/public toilets, far exceeding the Mission’s targets.
    • Digital enablements such as Swachhata App, the digital grievance redressal platform introduced by MoHUA in 2016, has reinvented the way in which citizen grievance redressal is managed.
    • Swachh Survekshan, the world’s largest urban cleanliness survey covering over 4,000 Urban Local Bodies was initiated under SBM-Urban in 2016.

Source: PIB

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