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Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021

  • 13 Sep 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Jal Shakti Ministry launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 or rural cleanliness survey 2021 under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II.

  • Before this, the Swachh Survekshan Grameen had been carried out by the Ministry in 2018 and 2019.
  • The Swachh Survekshan Urban 2021 is to be announced. It was introduced by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in 2016.

Key Points

  • Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021:
    • About:
      • Assesses the state of hygiene, cleanliness and sanitation in rural India as a part of the Centre’s initiative to award Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus status to villages.
        • ODF-plus status aims to ensure management of solid as well as liquid waste and is an upgradation of ODF status in which construction of adequate toilets was required so that people did not have to defecate in the open.
      • It is carried out by an expert agency.
    • Coverage:
      • As part of the 2021 rural cleanliness survey, as many as 17,475 villages spanning across 698 districts would be covered.
    • Weightage to Different Elements:
      • Direct Observation of sanitation at public places -30%
      • Citizen’s Feedback -35%
      • Service Level Progress on sanitation related parameters -35%
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II:
    • About:
      • It emphasizes the sustainability of achievements under phase I and to provide adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India.
    • Implementation:
      • It will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 in a mission mode with a total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores.
    • Funding Pattern:
      • The fund sharing pattern between Centre and States will be 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100% for other Union Territories.
        • Funding Norms for SLWM have been rationalized and changed to per capita basis in place of the number of households.

Swachh Bharat Mission

  • About:
    • To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage, the Prime Minister of India had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014.
    • Under the mission, all villages, Gram Panchayats, Districts, States and Union Territories in India declared themselves "Open-Defecation Free" (ODF) by 2nd October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing over 100 million toilets in rural India.
    • SBM is being implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (M/o HUA) and by the Ministry of Jal Shakti for urban and rural areas respectively.
    • In the Union Budget 2021-22, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 was announced to be implemented over five years – 2021 till 2026 – with an outlay of Rs. 1.41 lakh crore.
    • Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II was launched in 2020.
    • It further led to Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) for addressing water security.
  • Schemes as part of SBM:
    • GOBAR-DHAN (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources) Scheme: Launched by the Ministry of Jal Shakti in 2018 and aims to augment income of farmers by converting biodegradable waste into compressed biogas (CBG).
    • Individual Household Latrines (IHHL): Individuals get around 15 thousand for the construction of toilets.
    • Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan: The Ministry of Education launched the Swachh Vidyalaya Programme with an objective to provide separate toilets for boys and girls in all government schools within one year.

Source: PIB

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