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QS World University Ranking 2023

  • 10 Jun 2022
  • 4 min read

Why in News?

Recently, QS World University Ranking 2023 was released.

What is QS World University Rankings?

  • Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) a leading global career and education network for ambitious professionals looking to further their personal and professional development.
  • QS develops and successfully implements methods of comparative data collection and analysis used to highlight institutions’ strengths.
  • The ‘QS World University Rankings’ is an annual publication of university rankings which comprises the global overall and subject rankings.
  • Six parameters and their weightage for the evaluation:
    • Academic Reputation (40%)
    • Employer Reputation (10%)
    • Faculty/Student Ratio (20%)
    • Citations per faculty (20%)
    • International Faculty Ratio (5%)
    • International Student Ratio (5%)

What are Key Highlights of the Report?

  • Global Rankings:
    • Top Ranks:
      • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) of the US is the top university for the 11th consecutive year.
      • The second place went to the University of Cambridge, followed by Stanford University
  • Indian Institutions: 
    • The Indian Institute Science (IISC) was ranked highest followed by IIT Bombay and IIT Delhi. The total number of Indian institutes among the top 1,000 globally has risen to 27 from 22.
      • IISc Bengaluru is the world’s top research university, achieving a perfect score of 100/100 for this metric.
      • Furthermore, IISc Bengaluru is the fastest rising South Asian university among the QS World University Rankings top-200.
    • Overall, Indian education institutes, 41 of which made it to the rankings, have performed poorly across many key metrics.
      • For instance, 30 out of 41 ranked universities have suffered declines in the Faculty Student Ratio (FSR) indicator, with only four recording improvements.
    • The report shows that India's presence in the top 500 category is also IIT-driven like other IITs around the world.
      • Apart from IISc, eight IITs (Delhi, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Roorkee, Guwahati, Indore) are ranked among the top 500 globally.
      • No other Indian university, public or private, has found a place in the top 500 category globally, since the launch of the Institute of Eminence scheme.

What are the Related Indian Initiatives?

  • Institutions of Eminence (IoE) Scheme:
    • It is a government's scheme to provide the regulatory architecture for setting up or upgrading of 20 Institutions (10 from public sector and 10 from the private sector) as world-class teaching and research institutions called ‘Institutions of Eminence’.
  • National Education Policy, 2020:
    • It aims to introduce several changes in the Indian education system - from the school to college level and make India a global knowledge superpower.
  • Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT):
    • It is a first-of-its-kind Pan-IIT and IISc joint initiative to develop a new education policy and a roadmap for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges that India must address and champion to enable, empower and embolden the nation for inclusive growth and self-reliance.
  • Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY):
    • It was announced with a view to promote innovation of a higher order that directly impacts the needs of the Industry and thereby improves the competitive edge of Indian manufacturing.

Source:IE

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