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Important Facts For Prelims

Indian Navy Day

  • 06 Dec 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Every year, Indian Navy Day is celebrated on 4th December to respect the Indian Navy’s counter-attack in Operation Trident during the Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The Indian Navy was established in 1612 by the East India Company.
    • This year, the Navy plans to celebrate the theme Swarnim Vijay Varsh to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of India’s victory in the 1971 war.
  • Operation Trident:
    • It was a counter-attack by the Indian Navy on the Karachi harbour during the Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.
    • India used anti-ship missiles for the first time during this operation and destroyed the Pakistani destroyer ship PNS Khaibar.
    • The Indian Navy's three warships - INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer - played an important role in the attack.
  • Indian Navy:
    • It is headed by the President of India as its Supreme Commander.
    • Indian Navy’s Motto is - Sam no Varunah (शं नो वरूण‌:) that means that the God of water, Varuna, should be auspicious unto us.
    • Some of the earliest operations of the Indian Navy include its contribution in liberating Goa from Portugal in 1961.
    • The Navy has developed as an admirable force with the making of the nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine INS Arihant and several other ships.
    • The Indian Navy currently has one aircraft carrier, the INS Vikramaditya which was a former Russian ship that was commissioned into service in 2013.
    • It operates three classes of submarines: Chakra (it has the nuclear-powered INS Chakra) , Sindhughosh and Shishumar.
    • The Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) 1 named INS Vikrant has recently (2021) started sea trials (one of the last phases of trials).
    • Marine Commandos or MARCOS is the special force unit of the Indian Navy, trained to conduct amphibious warfare, counter-terrorism, special reconnaissance, hostage rescue and asymmetric warfare.
    • They were the first to respond to the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.

Source: PIB

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