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Biodiversity & Environment

Forum for Decarbonisation of Transport Sector

  • 26 Aug 2021
  • 5 min read

Why in News

Recently, Forum for Decarbonizing Transport was jointly launched by NITI Aayog and World Resources Institute (WRI), India.

  • WRI India is an independent charity legally registered as the India Resources Trust which provides objective information and practical proposals to foster environmentally sound and socially equitable development.
  • NITI Aayog serves as an advisory think tank for the government and is chaired by the Prime Minister. It replaced the Planning Commission.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The forum is a part of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) project, which focuses on developing a coherent strategy of effective policies and the formation of a multi-stakeholder platform for decarbonising transport in the region.
      • NDC-TIA is a joint programme of seven organisations that will engage China, India, and Vietnam in promoting a comprehensive approach to decarbonising transport in their respective countries. The project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI).
      • The IKI is a key element of Germany’s climate financing and the funding commitments in the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
    • It will act as the conduit for bringing diverse voices and needs to adopt an integrated approach for greening the transport sector in India.
  • Aim:
    • To Bring down the peak level of GreenHouse Gas emissions (transport sector) in Asia (in line with a well below 2-degree pathway), resulting in problems like congestion and air pollution.
  • Expected Benefits:
    • It will help in the development of innovative business models for targeted results and the holistic growth of the electric mobility space in India.
    • It will also provide a platform to initiate dialogues for the development of uniform policies and help achieve specific results in reducing emissions from the transport sector.
  • Need:
    • India has a massive and diverse transport sector, which is also the third most CO2 emitting sector.
    • Data from International Energy Agency (IEA), 2020 and Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change, 2018 suggests that within the transport sector, road transport contributes to more than 90% of the total CO2 emissions.
    • With increasing urbanisation, the fleet size i.e. the number of sales of vehicles is increasing rapidly. It is projected that the total number of vehicles will be doubled by 2030.
    • Therefore, the transition to a decarbonisation path for the transport sector in India is essential to achieving the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement for 2050.
  • Related Initiatives:
    • FAME Scheme:
    • Incentives under PLI Scheme:
      • Last year the scheme was rolled out for various industries including an outlay of over Rs. 5700 crore for the automobile and auto-component industry over a period of five years.
      • Around Rs.18,000 crore was approved for development of advanced cell chemistry battery storage manufacturing.
      • These incentives further aim to encourage indigenous development of Electric Vehicles (EVs) so as to bring down their upfront cost.
    • Renewable Automotive Industry:
      • India is currently engaged in building a domestic renewable automotive industry with the aim to become the world’s largest electric vehicle manufacturing and supplying hub.
        • Battery electric vehicle and fuel-cell vehicle technologies are all set to overtake fossil-run vehicles in the country by 2050.

Way Forward

  • India has a great opportunity to decarbonize its urban transport sector. Promotion of walking, cycling and public transport coupled with electrification of motor vehicles should be the right strategy for the country.
  • To leverage and streamline EVs across the country, there is a need to create a favourable ecosystem for different stakeholders.
  • A coordinated effort between these stakeholders will help enable investment, encourage adoption, and ensure fair operation in the industry.

Source: PIB

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