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Governance

Ayush Wellness Centres under National Ayush Mission

  • 23 Mar 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the inclusion of AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres (AYUSH HWCs) in the National AYUSH Mission (NAM).

Background

  • The National Health Policy 2017 advocated for mainstreaming the potential of AYUSH systems (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa and Homoeopathy) within a pluralistic system of integrative healthcare.
  • In 2018, the Government of India decided that 1.5 lakh health & wellness Centres would be created by transforming existing sub-health centres and primary health centres to deliver comprehensive primary health care.
  • So, it was decided that the Ministry of AYUSH would operationalize 10% of the total sub-health centres as HWCs under Ayushman Bharat.

Key Points

  • Cost and time:
    • Expenditure- ₹3399.35 Crore (with a ratio of almost 2:1 between the centre and the states respectively)
    • Time- Within a period of five years from 2019-20 to 2023-24.
  • AYUSH HWCs operating under NAM will have the following objectives:
    • To establish a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices focusing on preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative healthcare by integration with the existing public health care system.
    • To provide informed choice to the public in need, by making the AYUSH services available.
    • To spread community awareness about lifestyle, yoga, medicinal plants and provision of medicines for selected conditions as per strength of AYUSH systems.
  • After consulting with the States/UTs, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and other ministries involved, the Ministry of AYUSH has proposed two models for operationalization of AYUSH HWCs:
    • Upgradation of existing AYUSH dispensaries.
    • Upgradation of existing Sub Health Centres (SHCs).
  • Benefits:
    • Enhanced accessibility to achieve universal health coverage for affordable treatment.
    • Reduced burden on secondary and tertiary health care facilities.
    • Reduced out of pocket expenditure due to self-care model.
    • Integration of AYUSH in implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 (Good Health and Well-being), as mandated by the NITI Aayog.
    • Validated holistic wellness model in target areas.

National Health Policy, 2017

  • It seeks to reach everyone in a comprehensive integrated way to move towards wellness.
  • It aims at achieving universal health coverage and delivering quality health care services to all at affordable cost.

National AYUSH Mission

  • It was launched by the Department of AYUSH under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, during the 12th Plan for implementation through States/UTs.
  • Objectives:
    • To promote AYUSH medical systems through cost effective AYUSH services.
    • To strengthen the educational systems.
    • To facilitate the enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy (ASU&H) drugs and sustainable availability of the raw-materials needed in them.
    • It envisages flexibility of implementation of the programmes which will lead to substantial participation of the State Governments/UT.
  • Elements of the National AYUSH Mission:
    • Obligatory Components
      • AYUSH Educational Institutions.
      • AYUSH Services.
      • Medicinal Plants Quality Control of ASU&H Drugs.
    • Flexible Components
      • AYUSH Wellness Centres comprising Yoga and Naturopathy.
      • Tele-medicine.

Source: PIB

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