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Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. What does this quotation convey to you in the present context?
    This is our world, a common world. Everybody should feel a common responsibility"— BAN KI-MOON

    28 Mar, 2024 GS Paper 4 Theoretical Questions


    • Start the answer by introducing the Common Responsibility.
    • Illustrate how common responsibility leads to global interconnectedness and environmental protection.
    • Analyze its contribution to the Global peace and security and Humanitarian aid and development.
    • Conclude suitably.


    Ban Ki-moon's quote emphasizes the concept of global citizenship and shared responsibility towards our planet. This sentiment resonates with the idea of "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam," which translates to "the world is one family." It underscores the interconnectedness of all people and nations, highlighting the need for cooperation and mutual respect.


    • Environmental Challenges:
      • Climate change, pollution, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity are pressing concerns demanding collective action.
      • For instance, the Paris Agreement exemplifies international cooperation towards mitigating climate change, with nations committing to reducing emissions and fostering sustainability.
    • Shared Responsibility:
      • We all have a responsibility to care for our common home and ensure its sustainability for future generations.
      • This idea is also reflected in the concept of "One family, One earth, and One Future," which emphasizes the need for collective action to address global challenges such as climate change, poverty, and inequality.
    • Economic Interdependence:
      • Trade, investment, and financial systems bind nations together, necessitating collaborative approaches to address economic disparities and ensure equitable growth.
      • The World Trade Organization (WTO) serves as a platform for resolving disputes and fostering fair trade practices, promoting a common understanding of economic development.
    • Social Justice:
      • Issues such as poverty, inequality, discrimination, and human rights violations necessitate collective efforts to safeguard fundamental freedoms and promote inclusivity.
      • Initiatives like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights embody a shared commitment to upholding human dignity and fostering a just society.
    • Healthcare:
      • Healthcare transcends borders, making it a quintessential aspect of our common world. Pandemics, infectious diseases, and health crises underscore the interconnectedness of global health.
      • The COVID-19 pandemic starkly illustrates the need for international cooperation in vaccine distribution, healthcare infrastructure, and pandemic preparedness to safeguard public health on a global scale.
    • Cultural Exchange:
      • Cultural exchange programs, heritage preservation, and intercultural dialogue promote harmony amidst diversity, bridging differences and fostering a sense of shared identity.
      • UNESCO's World Heritage Sites serve as tangible expressions of our shared cultural legacy, transcending geopolitical boundaries.
    • Technological Advancements:
      • The digital revolution, artificial intelligence, and space exploration exemplify global endeavors transcending individual interests.
      • Platforms like the International Space Station (ISS) symbolize collaborative scientific endeavors aimed at unlocking the mysteries of the universe and advancing human knowledge.
    • Conflict Resolution:
      • Diplomacy, peacekeeping operations, and international treaties serve as mechanisms for resolving disputes and fostering peace.
      • The United Nations Peacekeeping Forces exemplify collective efforts to maintain stability and uphold the principles of peace and security globally.


    From environmental conservation to social justice, healthcare, and beyond, multidimensional perspectives underscore the interconnectedness of our planet and the shared responsibility we bear towards its well-being. Embracing our common humanity, we must forge ahead with collaborative endeavors, realizing that our destinies are intertwined, and our actions reverberate across borders, shaping the course of our shared future.

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