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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. How did the diverse perspectives and ideologies within the assembly contribute to the eventual adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1950? (150 Words)

    06 Feb, 2024 GS Paper 2 Polity & Governance


    • Write a brief Introduction about the adoption of the Indian constitution in 1950.
    • Mention different perspectives and ideologies of the constituent assembly which are enshrined in the Indian constitution.
    • Write a conclusion.


    The Indian Constitution, created in 1950, reflects the unity of a diverse nation. It was crafted by the Constituent Assembly, which included representatives from various regions and ideologies. This document symbolizes the collective effort of people with different perspectives coming together for a common purpose.


    Some of the diverse perspectives and ideologies within the assembly:

    • Liberalism: This ideology advocated for individual rights, civil liberties, democracy, and constitutionalism. Prominent liberals such as B. R. Ambedkar, Rajendra Prasad, and Vallabhbhai Patel supported the adoption of a parliamentary system, a federal structure, and a bill of rights for the citizens.
    • Socialism: This ideology advocated for social justice, economic equality, and state intervention. Leaders like Ram Manohar Lohia, Jayaprakash Narayan, and K. T. Shah supported the adoption of a socialist economy, a welfare state, and a directive principle of state policy for the eradication of poverty and inequality.
    • Nationalism: This ideology advocated for national unity, independence, and sovereignty. Nationalist leaders like C. Rajagopalachari, and Sarojini Naidu supported the adoption of a strong central government, a common national identity, and a protection of national interests and integrity.
    • Secularism: This ideology advocated for the separation of religion and state, and the equal treatment of all religions. Leaders like Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Zakir Hussain, Begum Aizaz Rasul, and K. M. Munshi supported the adoption of a secular state, freedom of religion, and the prevention of communalism and discrimination.
    • Gandhianism: This ideology advocated for the principles and values of Mahatma Gandhi, such as self-reliance, and rural development. Leaders such as Mahadev Desai, Rajendra Prasad, K. G. Mashruwala, and R. R. Diwakar. They supported the adoption of a non-violent and peaceful state, a decentralization of power, and a promotion of village industries and Panchayati raj.

    These diverse perspectives and ideologies contributed to the eventual adoption of the Constitution in the following ways:

    • Enriched debates on constitutional issues: Included state nature, form of government, citizen rights, federal structure, judicial system, and directive principles.
    • Ideological diversity: Members expressed views based on ideologies and experiences, persuading through reason and logic.
    • Transparent process: Proceedings recorded and published, allowing public participation in constitution-making.
    • Accommodated diverse interests: Struck a balance between ideals and Indian realities, making compromises on issues like linguistic reorganization and reservation of seats.
    • Borrowed ideas from various constitutions: Adapted features from British, American, Irish, and Weimar constitutions to suit Indian context.
    • Reflecting democracy and pluralism: Respected diverse opinions, followed consensus and majority rule principles.
    • Collective effort: Constitution result of collaborative work, not imposed by a single party or group.


    Thus, the diverse perspectives and ideologies within the assembly contributed to the eventual adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1950 by enriching, accommodating, and reflecting the diversity of India’s society and culture. The constitution was a product of a democratic and deliberative process, and a manifestation of the aspirations and values of the people of India.

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