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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. Do you think marriage as a sacrament is loosing its value in Modern India? (Answer in 150 words, UPSC Mains 2023)

    27 Nov, 2023 GS Paper 1 Indian Society

    Approach

    • Begin the answer by briefly describing the term ‘marriage’.
    • Provide arguments for diminishing value of marriage and arguments supporting marriage's value.
    • Conclude by highlighting the significance of marriage.

    Introduction

    Marriage, a legally and socially recognized partnership aiming to form families and follow social norms, is deeply rooted in Indian culture and religion. However, in modern India, its value as a sacrament is evolving.

    Body

    Arguments for Diminishing Value:

    • Changing Norms: Society now accepts diverse relationships, reducing the emphasis on traditional marriage. Recent data shows an increase in the 'never married' youth population to 26.1% in 2019.
    • Individual Autonomy: Personal freedom leads to autonomous choices in partnerships, challenging arranged marriages through Live-in relationships and fostering single lifestyles.
    • Rising Divorce: Escalating divorce rates suggest a decline in the sanctity and permanence of marriage.
    • Economic Independence: Call for women empowerment extends choices beyond traditional marriage, challenging patriarchy and reducing sanctity of marriage .

    Arguments Supporting Marriage's Value:

    • Social Stability: Marriage continues to be a cornerstone for social stability by providing a structured framework for family life.
    • Legal Protections: It offers crucial legal rights in inheritance, property, and medical decisions.
    • Religious Significance: Many view marriage as sacred, tied to their religion, instilling moral values.
    • Psychological Security: Marriage reduces isolation, offering psychological security, vital for addressing mental health challenges.

    Conclusion

    In sum, while marriage adapts to modern needs, it remains significant in contemporary India, serving evolving societal aspirations.

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