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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. A positive attitude is considered to be an essential characteristic of a civil servant who is often required to function under extreme stress. What contributes to a positive attitude in a person? (150 words)

    29 Jun, 2023 GS Paper 4 Theoretical Questions


    • Start your answer with a brief introduction of a positive attitude.
    • Write what contributes to a positive attitude in a person.
    • Conclude accordingly.


    • A positive attitude is the tendency to have a favourable outlook towards oneself, others and situations. It helps a person to cope with challenges, overcome difficulties and achieve goals. A positive attitude is especially important for civil servants who have to deal with complex problems, diverse stakeholders and public expectations.


    Positive Attitude can Help Civil Servants under Extreme Stress:

    • Emotional Well-being:
      • It helps civil servants stay emotionally balanced, manage their emotions effectively, and prevent burnout.
      • By focusing on the positive aspects of their work and finding meaning in their service, civil servants can sustain their motivation and well-being even in difficult circumstances.
    • Problem-Solving and Adaptability:
      • When faced with challenges, civil servants with a positive mindset are more likely to approach problems with a proactive and solution-oriented mindset.
      • They can think creatively, identify alternative approaches, and adapt to changing circumstances, leading to more effective decision-making and problem-solving.
    • Collaboration and Support:
      • Civil servants with a positive mindset are more likely to build strong relationships, seek help when needed, and offer support to colleagues.
      • This creates a network of mutual assistance, allowing civil servants to share the burden of stress, exchange ideas, and collectively navigate challenging situations.
    • Communication and Leadership:
      • Civil servants who maintain a positive outlook can communicate effectively even in high-pressure situations, inspiring confidence and motivating others.
      • They can foster a positive work environment by promoting open dialogue, active listening, and constructive feedback, which strengthens teamwork and enhances overall performance.

    Factors that contribute to a positive attitude in a person are:

    • Self-awareness:
      • A person who is aware of his or her strengths, weaknesses, values and emotions can have a realistic and balanced self-image.
    • Optimism:
      • A person who is optimistic can see the positive aspects of any situation, expect favourable outcomes and focus on solutions rather than problems.
    • Resilience:
      • A person who is resilient can bounce back from setbacks, adapt to changing circumstances and cope with stress.
    • Gratitude:
      • A person who is grateful can acknowledge and appreciate the good things in life, such as health, family, friends, nature and achievements.
      • This can help him or her to cultivate a sense of happiness, satisfaction and contentment.
    • Empathy:
      • A person who is empathetic can understand and share the feelings of others, respect their perspectives and show compassion.
      • This can help him or her to build trust, rapport and cooperation with others.


    A positive attitude is a valuable asset for a civil servant as it can enhance his or her performance, morale and public service. A positive attitude can be developed and nurtured by cultivating self-awareness, optimism, resilience, gratitude and empathy.

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