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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Q. Discuss the impact of globalization on the diversity and pluralism of Indian society. Give suitable examples to support your answer. (150 words)

    19 Jun, 2023 GS Paper 1 Indian Society


    • Introduction: Give brief introduction about Globalisation.
    • Body: Describe how globalization has positively or negatively impacted Indian society. Provide examples also.
    • Conclusion: Conclude with summarizing the key points


    Globalization refers to the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of countries and their economies through the exchange of goods, services, information, ideas, and technology. Globalization has influenced the diversity and pluralism of Indian society in various ways. It has brought about the interaction of cultures, ideas, and values, creating both positive and negative outcomes.


    On the positive side, globalization has enabled cultural exchange and appreciation. For example, people can enjoy different types of food and watch Bollywood movies around the world, which helps them learn about different cultures and respect their differences. Moreover, globalization has allowed the spread of knowledge and information, which empowers individuals to access various viewpoints and question conventional norms.

    On the negative side, globalization has also challenged India’s diversity and pluralism. The dominance of Western values and consumerism has weakened the indigenous cultures and traditions, especially among the youth. Furthermore, globalization has generated economic inequalities, with some groups gaining more than others, worsening social divisions.

    For instance, the emergence of multinational corporations has brought Western lifestyles and consumer choices, which has shaped Indian society’s goals and consumption habits. This has resulted in the exclusion of local artisans and craftsmen who cannot compete with mass-produced products.


    Globalization has both enhanced and endangered the diversity and pluralism of Indian society. While it has fostered cultural exchange and awareness, it has also introduced difficulties and disparities. Therefore, it is important to find a balance between accepting globalization’s advantages while maintaining India’s rich cultural legacy.

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