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State PCS

Mains Practice Questions

  • Case Study

    You are the Mayor of a town/city that has recently seen a rise in cases of dog bites. The local community is concerned about the safety of their children and pets, and they have started to demand action from the authorities. As the Mayor, you are responsible for addressing this issue and ensuring the safety of the community.

    Upon investigating the issue, you have discovered that many of the dogs in the area are strays, and some are owned by people who do not take proper care of them. You also found that the local dog population has grown significantly in recent years, and there is no effective system in place to monitor or control it.

    What would you do in this situation?

    14 Apr, 2023 GS Paper 4 Case Studies


    • Start your answer by briefly explaining the case.
    • Discuss various stakeholders and ethical issues involved in the case.
    • Discuss the various options available and mention the pros and cons of each option.
    • Conclude accordingly by selecting one or a combination of options.


    The case involves the increase in incidences of dog bites in a town/city, which has raised concerns for the safety of the community, including children and pets. Investigation reveals that many of the dogs in the area are strays or owned by people who do not take proper care of them. Moreover, the local dog population has grown significantly in recent years, and there is no effective system in place to monitor or control it.


    • Stakeholders
      • Local Community
      • Dog Owners
      • Animal Welfare Organizations
      • Law Enforcement Agencies
      • Local Government
      • Mayor
    • Ethical Issues Involved
      • Animal Welfare
      • Public safety
      • Responsibility of Dog Owners
      • Balancing the rights of dog owners with the safety of the community
      • Potential conflicts between different stakeholders, such as dog owners, parents, and animal welfare advocates
      • Enforcement of laws and regulations related to dog ownership and animal welfare
    • Short Term Course of Action
      • Propose a Immediate Restriction on all Stray Dogs:
        • Pros: This action can help immediately reduce the number of dogs roaming around freely and causing potential harm. It also sends a strong message to the community that you are taking their concerns seriously.
        • Cons: There may be some pushback from animal rights activists who believe that stray dogs should be taken care of rather than being banned.
      • Increase Patrols by Animal Control Officers:
        • Pros: This will help identify and remove any aggressive or dangerous dogs from the area, and also educate pet owners on the importance of responsible pet ownership.
        • Cons: This can be a costly endeavour, especially if there is a need to hire additional animal control officers to increase patrols.
      • Collaborate with Local Animal Shelters and Rescue Organizations:
        • Pros: These organizations can help identify and remove any dangerous or aggressive dogs from the area, as well as provide temporary or permanent homes for stray dogs.
        • Cons: This may require additional resources and funding from the local government to support the collaboration and the operations of the organizations.

    Long Term Course of Action

    • Implement Stricter Dog Ownership Regulations: Stricter dog ownership regulations can be implemented such as mandatory licensing and vaccinations, leash laws, and fines for owners who fail to meet these requirements.
      • Pros:
        • Levying fines for owners who fail to take care of their pets will discourage people from abandoning their dogs or allowing them to roam free, which could reduce the number of stray dogs in the area.
        • It could encourage responsible dog ownership and reduce the likelihood of dog bites.
      • Cons:
        • It can be overly burdensome for some owners, and they may resist complying with them, which could lead to additional challenges for enforcement agencies.
        • Enforcement agencies may need to hire additional staff or spend more resources to ensure compliance with the regulations.
    • Establish a Dog Population Control Program: A Dog Population Control Program can be established such as spaying and neutering programs and adoption initiatives.
      • Pros:
        • Reduction in the stray dog population
        • Promotion of responsible dog ownership
      • Cons:
        • Costs associated with implementing such programs and potential difficulties in reaching and convincing dog owners to participate.
    • Increase Public Awareness and Education: There is room to enhance public knowledge and understanding of responsible dog ownership as well as the potential hazards associated with dogs.
      • Pros:
        • It would increase public safety and better-informed dog owners.
      • Cons:
        • Dog owners who may feel targeted can resist any Initiative.
        • This step will be time taking and resources required to develop and implement effective awareness and education campaigns.


    Implementing stricter dog ownership regulations and establishing dog population control programs could help reduce the number of stray dogs and promote responsible dog ownership. Increasing public awareness and education could also help prevent dog bites and promote public safety. As the Mayor, I will take the responsibility to consider all options and make an informed decision that benefits the community's safety and animal welfare.

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