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Biodiversity & Environment

World Environment Day

  • 06 Jun 2022
  • 6 min read

For Prelims: World Environment Day, United Nations Assembly, Stockholm Conference, COP26, NAP, LiFE Movement, NRLM

For Mains: World Environment Day, Need to conserve Environment and related Intiatives

Why in News?

World Environment Day is celebrated on 5th June every year to encourage awareness and environmental protection.

  • On the Occasion, India launched ‘Lifestyle for the Environment (LiFE) Movement’.

What are the Key Highlights about World Environment Day?

  • About:
    • The United Nations Assembly established World Environment Day in 1972, which was the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the human environment.
    • The celebration of world environment day every year is done according to a specific theme and slogan which addresses the major environmental concern of the time.
    • It is hosted by a different country each year.
      • For example, India hosted the 45th celebration of World Environment Day under the theme ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.
    • World Environment Day celebration last year also kicked off the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030) which is a global mission to revive billions of hectares, from forests to farmlands, from the top of mountains to the depth of the seas.
  • Theme for 2022:
    • OnlyOneEarth:
      • It mirrors the theme of the first World Environment Day in 1973.
  • Significance:

What is LiFE Movement?

  • About:
    • The idea of LiFE was introduced by India during the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow in 2021.
      • The idea promotes an environmentally conscious lifestyle that focuses on ‘mindful and deliberate utilisation’ instead of ‘mindless and wasteful consumption’.
    • With the launch of the Mission, the prevalent "use-and-dispose" economy-governed by mindless and destructive consumption-will be replaced by a circular economy, defined by conscious and deliberate consumption.
  • Objective:
    • The Movement aims to utilise the power of collective action and nudge individuals across the world to undertake simple climate-friendly actions in their daily lives.
    • It also seeks to leverage the strength of social networks to influence social norms surrounding climate.
    • The Mission plans to create and nurture a global network of individuals, namely ‘Pro-Planet People’ (P3).
      • P3 will have a shared commitment to adopt and promote environmentally friendly lifestyles.
      • Through the P3 community, the Mission seeks to create an ecosystem that will reinforce and enable environmentally friendly behaviours to be self-sustainable.

What has India Achieved in Conserving the Environment?

  • Increase in Forest Cover:
    • India’s forest cover is increasing and so is the population of lions, tigers, leopards, elephants and rhinos.
      • The total forest cover is 21.71% of the total geographical area in 2021, compared with 21.67% in 2019 and 21.54% in 2017.
  • Installed Electric Capacity:
  • Ethanol Blending Target:
    • The target of 10% ethanol blending in petrol has been achieved 5 months ahead of the November 2022 target.
    • This is a major accomplishment given that blending was hardly 1.5% in 2013-14 and 5% in 2019-20.
  • Renewable Energy Target:
    • Renewable energy has a very high focus in the government.
    • The country’s installed Renewable Energy (RE) capacity stands at 150.54 GW (solar: 48.55 GW, wind: 40.03 GW, Small hydro Power: 4.83, Bio-power: 10.62, Large Hydro: 46.51 GW) as on 30th Nov. 2021 while its nuclear energy based installed electricity capacity stands at 6.78 GW.
      • India has the 4th largest wind power capacity in the world.

What are the Other Related Initiatives?

Source: PIB

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