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Tiger Corridor in Rajasthan

  • 13 Jul 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

The Rajasthan government will develop a tiger corridor connecting the newly proposed ‘Ramgarh Tiger Reserve’, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve and Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve.

Key Points

  • About the Animal Corridor:
    • Wildlife or animal corridors are meant to ensure safe passage for animals between two isolated habitats.
    • In wildlife parlance, corridors are mainly of two types: functional and structural.
      • Functional corridors are defined in terms of functionality from the perspective of the animal (basically areas where there has been recorded movement of wildlife).
      • Structural corridors are contiguous strips of forested areas and structurally connect the otherwise fragmented blocks of the landscape.
    • When structural corridors are affected by human anthropogenic activities, functional corridors automatically widen because of animal use.
    • In 2019, the National Tiger Conservation Authority in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India published a document, mapping out 32 major corridors across the country, management interventions for which are operationalised through a Tiger Conservation Plan.
    • The states are required to submit a Tiger Conservation Plan under section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Other Protected Areas in Rajasthan:
  • Protection Status of Tiger:

Project Tiger

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • It was established in 2005 following the recommendations of the Tiger Task Force.
  • It was constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it.

Source: IE

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