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Swachh Survekshan 2023

  • 26 May 2022
  • 4 min read

For Prelims: 2nd Phase of SBM-U

For Mains: Swachh Bharat Mission, Government Policies and Interventions

Why in News?

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched the eighth edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS) – SS 2023 under Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0.

  • SS 2023 is curated towards achieving circularity in waste management. The survey would give priority to the principle of 3Rs – Reduce, Recycle and Reuse.

What is Swachh Survekshan 2023?

  • Swachh Survekshan was introduced by MoHUA in 2016 as a competitive framework to encourage cities to improve the status of urban sanitation while encouraging large scale citizen participation.
    • Over the years, Swachh Survekshan has emerged as the largest Urban sanitation survey in the world.
  • In SS 2023, additional weightage has been given to source segregation of waste, enhancement of waste processing capacity of cities to match the waste generation and reduction of waste going to the dumpsites.
    • Indicators have been introduced with additional weightage on emphasizing the need for phased reduction of plastic, plastic waste processing, encourage waste to wonder parks and zero waste events.
  • Ranking of Wards within the cities is also being promoted through SS 2023.
  • The cities would also be assessed on dedicated indicators on the issues of ‘Open Urination’ (Yellow Spots) and ‘Open Spitting’ (Red Spots), being faced by the cities.
  • MoHUA will be promoting cleaning of back lanes of the residential and commercial areas.

What is Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0?

  • About:
    • SBM-U 2.0 was announced in Budget 2021-22, as the continuation of SBM-U first phase.
    • The government is trying to tap safe containment, transportation, disposal of fecal sludge, and septage from toilets.
      • SBM-U first phase was launched on 2nd October 2014 aiming at making urban India Open Defecation Free (ODF) and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste. It lasted till October 2019.
    • It will be implemented over five years from 2021 to 2026 with an outlay of Rs.1.41 lakh crore.
    • The Mission is being implemented under the overarching principles of “waste to wealth”, and “Circular Economy”.
  • Aim:
    • It focuses on source segregation of garbage, reduction in single-use plastic and air pollution, by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities and bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.
    • Under this mission, all wastewater will be treated properly before it is discharged into water bodies, and the government is trying to make maximum reuse a priority.
  • Mission outcomes:
    • All statutory towns will become ODF+ certified (focuses on toilets with water, maintenance and hygiene).
    • All statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population will become ODF++ certified (focuses on toilets with sludge and septage management).
    • 50% of all statutory towns with less than 1 lakh population will become Water+ certified (aims to sustain toilets by treating and reuse of water).
    • All statutory towns will be at least 3-star Garbage Free rated as per MoHUA’s Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free cities.
    • Bioremediation of all legacy dumpsites.

Source: PIB

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