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Padma Awards

  • 11 Jun 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Online nominations/recommendations for the Padma Awards to be announced on the occasion of Republic Day, 2022 are open.

Key Points

  • Background:
    • The Padma Awards are announced annually on Republic Day (26th January).
    • Instituted in 1954, it is one of the highest civilian honours of India.
  • Objective:
    • To recognize achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of public service is involved.
  • Categories:
    • The Awards are given in three categories:
      • Padma Vibhushan (for exceptional and distinguished service),
      • Padma Bhushan (distinguished service of higher-order) and
      • Padma Shri (distinguished service).
    • Padma Vibhushan is highest in the hierarchy of Padma Awards followed by Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.
  • Disciplines:
    • The Awards are given in various disciplines/ fields of activities, viz.- art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service etc.
  • Eligibility:
    • All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these Awards.
  • Selection Process:
    • Padma Awards Committee:
      • The Awards are conferred on the recommendations made by the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year.
    • Awarded by President:
      • The awards are presented by the President of India usually in the month of March/April every year.

Bharat Ratna

  • It is the highest civilian award of the country. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.
  • It is treated on a different footing from Padma Award. The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.
  • The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.

Source: PIB

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