Organic Turmeric to Weed Out Marijuana in Malkangiri
- 14 Jan 2020
- 3 min read
Why in News
Recently, the Malkangiri district administration, Odisha has initiated a project to divert the region’s tribals from illegal marijuana cultivation by promoting organic turmeric as a profitable cash crop.
- Organic turmeric will weed out the marijuana cultivation in remote areas of Swabhiman Anchal in Malkangiri.
- Reasons for Illegal Marijuana Cultivation:
- Lack of communication.
- Financed by the Drug mafias from outside, allegedly.
- Source of easy money.
- This move comes after a survey, conducted in 2019 by the Malkangiri district administration.
- It revealed that almost all tribal families grow turmeric for their consumption but not for commercial purposes.
- The district has a suitable climate and geographical conditions so organic turmeric can become the tool of economic development for poor tribals as well as cash crop alternative of marijuana.
- It is estimated that each acre of organic turmeric can provide ₹70,000 to 80,000 income to the farmers.
- The project has been implemented by the Horticulture and Agriculture Departments. Interested farmers have been registered for scientific training.
Marijuana or Hemp
- It is part of the cannabis super-family, is illegal for commercial cultivation though it grows as a weed in several parts of the country.
- Uttarakhand, Jammu and Uttar Pradesh have allowed restricted cultivation of the plant for medical research.
- It has two components CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
- CBD does not cause intoxication or euphoria and has been successfully proven to provide relief to chronic pain without causing psychoactive side effects.
- It is THC which is the primary psychoactive components of Marijuana.
Narcotic Drugs and Psychoactive Substances Act, 1985
- It bans the commercial cultivation of cannabis.
- The bar does not apply to an edible preparation called bhang, which is allowed in some States.
United Nations Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs, 1961
- It is an international treaty to prohibit production and supply of specific (nominally narcotic) drugs and of drugs with similar effects except under licence for specific purposes, such as medical treatment and research.
- The convention refers to drug addiction as “a serious evil for the individual [that] is fraught with social and economic danger to mankind”.